相対的表現(程度を表す表現、主観的表現など)6 ~aesthetically pleasing~


“Supplementary Examination Guidelines for Determining Compliance with 35 U.S.C. §112 and for Treatment of Related Issues in Patent Applications” (Feb. 9, 2011)

Datamize, LLC v. Plumtree Software, Inc. (Fed. Cir. 2005)

代表的なクレーム:
1. In an electronic kiosk system having a plurality of interactive electronic kiosks for displaying information provided by a plurality of information providers, a method for defining custom interface screens customized for individual kiosks of said plurality and operable to make different assortments of said information available for display at different kiosks of said plurality, said method comprising the steps of:
providing a master database of information from said plurality of information providers, said master database referencing substantially all information content from said providers to be displayed on any of said plurality of kiosks;
providing a plurality of pre-defined interface screen element types, each element type defining a form of element available for presentation on said custom interface screens, wherein each said element type permits limited variation in its on-screen characteristics in conformity with a desired uniform and aesthetically pleasing look and feel for said interface screens on all kiosks of said kiosk system,
each element type having a plurality of attributes associated therewith, wherein each said element type and its associated attributes are subject to pre-defined constraints providing element characteristics in conformance with said uniform and aesthetically pleasing look and feel for said interface screens, and
wherein said plurality of pre-defined element types includes at least one pre-defined window type, at least one pre-defined button type, and at least one pre-defined multimedia type;
selecting a plurality of elements to be included in a custom interface screen under construction, said plurality of elements being selected from said plurality of pre-defined elements types, said plurality of selected elements including at least one button type;
assigning values to the attributes associated with each of said selected elements consistent with said pre-defined constraints, whereby the aggregate layout of said plurality of selected elements on said interface screen under construction will be aesthetically pleasing and functionally operable for effective delivery of information to a kiosk user;
selecting from said master database an assortment of information content deriving from selected ones of said information providers to define kiosk information content for an individual kiosk of said kiosk system;
associating said kiosk information content with at least a portion of said selected elements for said interface screen under construction; and
linking said at least one selected button type element to an action facilitating the viewing of at least portions of said kiosk information content by a kiosk user.

United States Patent 6014137 (http://www.freepatentsonline.com/6014137.html)

分析:
裁判所は、“aesthetically pleasing”というフレーズについて、35 U.S.C. §112¶2に基づいて不明確と判断し、以下のように述べた。
・インターフェイス画面が“aesthetically pleasing”であるかを判断する客観的基準が記載されていないため、“aesthetically pleasing”は完全に個人の主観により判断される。
・クレーム表現の権利範囲は、発明を実施する個人の主観的意見のみによって決定されてはならない。
・第三者がクレーム発明の保護範囲を判断できるための何らかの基準が提供されなければならない。
・インターフェイス画面が“aesthetically pleasing”かどうかを完全に主観的な解釈に任せれば、個人の気まぐれが入る余地があるため、第三者が保護範囲を判断できない。美は見る人によって決まるため、クレーム表現を明確にするためには、客観的な判断基準が必要である。

MPEP 2173.05(b) “RELATIVE TERMINOLOGY”参照


カテゴリ: 日英知財研究

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