• 中断
    in:  | 

    中断

                            目次はこちら

    中断

    (INTERRUPT)
    $$ The inner surface 7 of the lower plate 2 is interrupted by an array of pillars 10. /下方のシート2の内面7は、柱状体10の列によって中断されている。(USP5408160)

    $$ When the list overflows, either the test sequence must be interrupted or some defect data must be discarded. / リストがオーバーフローすると、試験シーケンスを中断するか、幾つかの欠陥データを廃棄しなければならない。(USP6269455)

    $$ A disconnection arises where a terminating line is interrupted between the local switch and the terminal equipment. / 終端回線がローカル交換機と端末装置間で中断される場合に切断が生じる。(USP7573824)

    (BREAK)
    $$ The tablet is always guaranteed to break at least one beam irrespective of its lateral position. / 錠剤は常に、錠剤の横方向位置に関係なく、少なくとも1つの光線を中断させることが保証される。(USP8984844)

    $$ A release kay message breaks this cycle (STP) and control leaves step 404. / 解放キーメッセージはこのサイクルを中断し(STP)、制御はステップ404 を離れる。(USP5479385)

    $$ If, for any reason, any of the points of entry have been broken, or if the continuous bar codes have become broken or distorted due to fibre tear, it will either be visible to the naked eye, or will be visible by the infra-red scanning device. / 何らかの理由で、開け口のどこかが破られていたり、連続的なバーコードが、繊維の破れにより中断又は歪みを生じている場合は、肉眼での目視でも分かるし、赤外線走査器によっても明らかにできる。(USP5895075)

    $$ The loop 22 is broken at one point 36 and one end of the loop is connected to a first terminal of a capacitor 28 having a second terminal which is connected to a first terminal of capacitors 30,34 respectively. / ループ22を一個所36にて中断させ、このループの一端をコンデンサ28の第1端子に接続し、コンデンサ28の第2端子をコンデンサ30,34の各第1端子にそれぞれ接続する。(USP5422650)

    (DISRUPT)
    $$ This has the advantage of making possible transparent testing with no disruption to normal operation of the communications system. / これは、通信システムの通常動作に対する中断なしに、可能な透過的検査を実行するという利点を有する。(USP8145966)

    $$ Thus a viewer should not be overly disturbed if, for example, the high definition transmission is momentarily disrupted by aircraft flutter. / 従って、例えば、飛行機のフラッタのために、高精細度送信が一時的に中断されても、視聴者には大きな障害とはならない。(USP5313279)

    (PAUSE)
    $$ After a pause for the melted powder to solidify, the roller 92 proceeds to roll another layer of powder over support member 93 in preparation for sintering. / 溶かした粉体を固めるために中断した後、ローラー92は支持部材93上に別の粉体の層を転がして工程を続け、焼結の準備を行う。(USP8752294)

    $$ Additionally or alternatively, the pre-recorded media may comprise audio containing a pause for insertion of live audio. / さらにまたは代りに、予め記録された媒体はライブオーディオのため中断を含んでいるオーディオを含んでいる。(USP7577676)

    (OTHERS)
    $$ The mouse can be clicked on "OK" to redraw the map to the new scale or clicked on "Cancel" to abort. / マウスを「OK」でクリックしてマップを新しいスケールに再び描き直すかまたは「キャンセル」をクリックして中断することができる。(USP6611142): abort

    $$ The filtration method comprises a purging cycle that is configured to punctuate the operation cycle. / この濾過方法は、運転サイクルを中断するように構成されたパージサイクルを含む。(USP8834721): punctuate

    $$ Upon cessation of heating of the wax, the wax in the reservoir cools and the diaphragm sealing the wax reservoir returns to its original position. / ワックスの加熱を中断すると、貯留室内のワックスは冷却され、ワックス貯留室をシールしているダイヤフラムは初期位置に戻る。(USP8048041): cessation

    $$ The time consuming nature of machine down-time and cost of that down-time, as well as the cost of new rollers, etc. means that conventional roller systems do not offer flexibility at low cost. / この機械の中断による時間の消費およびコスト並びに新しいローラーのコストがかかるので、従来のローラーシステムは、低コストでの機械的自由度が制限されてしまう。(USP8397779): down

                            目次はこちら

  • Federal Circuit Makes Wasteful Attempt to Side with Patent Challenger in General Electric v. United Technologies
    in: CAFC, courts, Federal Circuit, Gene Quinn, General Electric Co. v. United Technologies Corp., Government, Intellectual Property, inter partes review, Inventors Information, IP News, IPR, IPWatchdog Articles, Litigation, Patent Litigation, patent office, patent trial and appeal board, Patently-O, patents, Post Grant Procedures, PTAB, Technology & Innovation, USPTO  | 

    Federal Circuit Makes Wasteful Attempt to Side with Patent Challenger in General Electric v. United Technologies

    Last week, the United States Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit issued a decision in General Electric Co. v. United Technologies Corp., which continued the trend that a losing inter partes review petitioner who has not been sued by the patent owner will not have standing to appeal to the Federal Circuit. Still, the case is noteworthy for several reasons. In this case, United Technologies Corporation (UTC) was the assignee of U.S. Patent No. 8,511,605 (“the ’605 patent). The ’605 patent is…

  • U.S. Mayors have become President
    in: 未分類  | 

    U.S. Mayors have become President

    Within a post on JFK, Jr. at PEOPLE magazine:


    Once we were in a meeting with Sen. Al D’Amato, who said John should run for mayor of New York City.
    After we left, I asked him, “Would you ever run for mayor?” and he said no. I asked him why, and he said,
    “Well, Rosie, how many mayors do you know that become President?”

    link: The JFK Jr. We Loved: Close Friends Look Back at the (Ridiculously) Handsome but Down-To-Earth First Son

    Although one might guess the answer is zero, the correct answer is three, with the most notable being Grover Cleveland who had been the mayor of Buffalo, New York. More mayors became president than senators from Massachusetts. Cleveland’s VP mate was Thomas Andrews Hendricks of Indiana. Hendricks died on November 25, 1885, after serving less than a year as VP. After Hendricks died, Cleveland had no vice-president for the duration of his first term.

    Related to “Mayor Pete” of South Bend, U.S. Grant’s first vice-president was Schuyler Colfax of South Bend, Indiana, who was the first person to have served as Vice-President and Speaker of the House of Representatives.

    So, mayors can become president and people from South Bend, Indiana can be powerful.

中断

                        目次はこちら

中断

(INTERRUPT)
$$ The inner surface 7 of the lower plate 2 is interrupted by an array of pillars 10. /下方のシート2の内面7は、柱状体10の列によって中断されている。(USP5408160)

$$ When the list overflows, either the test sequence must be interrupted or some defect data must be discarded. / リストがオーバーフローすると、試験シーケンスを中断するか、幾つかの欠陥データを廃棄しなければならない。(USP6269455)

$$ A disconnection arises where a terminating line is interrupted between the local switch and the terminal equipment. / 終端回線がローカル交換機と端末装置間で中断される場合に切断が生じる。(USP7573824)

(BREAK)
$$ The tablet is always guaranteed to break at least one beam irrespective of its lateral position. / 錠剤は常に、錠剤の横方向位置に関係なく、少なくとも1つの光線を中断させることが保証される。(USP8984844)

$$ A release kay message breaks this cycle (STP) and control leaves step 404. / 解放キーメッセージはこのサイクルを中断し(STP)、制御はステップ404 を離れる。(USP5479385)

$$ If, for any reason, any of the points of entry have been broken, or if the continuous bar codes have become broken or distorted due to fibre tear, it will either be visible to the naked eye, or will be visible by the infra-red scanning device. / 何らかの理由で、開け口のどこかが破られていたり、連続的なバーコードが、繊維の破れにより中断又は歪みを生じている場合は、肉眼での目視でも分かるし、赤外線走査器によっても明らかにできる。(USP5895075)

$$ The loop 22 is broken at one point 36 and one end of the loop is connected to a first terminal of a capacitor 28 having a second terminal which is connected to a first terminal of capacitors 30,34 respectively. / ループ22を一個所36にて中断させ、このループの一端をコンデンサ28の第1端子に接続し、コンデンサ28の第2端子をコンデンサ30,34の各第1端子にそれぞれ接続する。(USP5422650)

(DISRUPT)
$$ This has the advantage of making possible transparent testing with no disruption to normal operation of the communications system. / これは、通信システムの通常動作に対する中断なしに、可能な透過的検査を実行するという利点を有する。(USP8145966)

$$ Thus a viewer should not be overly disturbed if, for example, the high definition transmission is momentarily disrupted by aircraft flutter. / 従って、例えば、飛行機のフラッタのために、高精細度送信が一時的に中断されても、視聴者には大きな障害とはならない。(USP5313279)

(PAUSE)
$$ After a pause for the melted powder to solidify, the roller 92 proceeds to roll another layer of powder over support member 93 in preparation for sintering. / 溶かした粉体を固めるために中断した後、ローラー92は支持部材93上に別の粉体の層を転がして工程を続け、焼結の準備を行う。(USP8752294)

$$ Additionally or alternatively, the pre-recorded media may comprise audio containing a pause for insertion of live audio. / さらにまたは代りに、予め記録された媒体はライブオーディオのため中断を含んでいるオーディオを含んでいる。(USP7577676)

(OTHERS)
$$ The mouse can be clicked on "OK" to redraw the map to the new scale or clicked on "Cancel" to abort. / マウスを「OK」でクリックしてマップを新しいスケールに再び描き直すかまたは「キャンセル」をクリックして中断することができる。(USP6611142): abort

$$ The filtration method comprises a purging cycle that is configured to punctuate the operation cycle. / この濾過方法は、運転サイクルを中断するように構成されたパージサイクルを含む。(USP8834721): punctuate

$$ Upon cessation of heating of the wax, the wax in the reservoir cools and the diaphragm sealing the wax reservoir returns to its original position. / ワックスの加熱を中断すると、貯留室内のワックスは冷却され、ワックス貯留室をシールしているダイヤフラムは初期位置に戻る。(USP8048041): cessation

$$ The time consuming nature of machine down-time and cost of that down-time, as well as the cost of new rollers, etc. means that conventional roller systems do not offer flexibility at low cost. / この機械の中断による時間の消費およびコスト並びに新しいローラーのコストがかかるので、従来のローラーシステムは、低コストでの機械的自由度が制限されてしまう。(USP8397779): down

                        目次はこちら

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  • Federal Circuit Makes Wasteful Attempt to Side with Patent Challenger in General Electric v. United Technologies

    Last week, the United States Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit issued a decision in General Electric Co. v. United Technologies Corp., which continued the trend that a losing inter partes review petitioner who has not been sued by the patent owner will not have standing to appeal to the Federal Circuit. Still, the case is noteworthy for several reasons. In this case, United Technologies Corporation (UTC) was the assignee of U.S. Patent No. 8,511,605 (“the ’605 patent). The ’605 patent is…

    Continue Reading ...
  • Five Tips for Keeping Safe with Your Head in the Cloud

    Management of trade secrets is fraught with competing interests. There is the tradeoff between security and inconvenience—for example, the annoying wait for a special code to allow “two-factor identification” when you already have your password handy. There is trusting your employees while knowing they might leave to join a competitor. And there is the tension between corporate secrecy and the public interest, such as when the fire department insists on knowing what toxic chemicals are used in…

    Continue Reading ...
  • 中心 / 中心とする

                            目次はこちら

    中心 / 中心とする

    (CENTRE)
    $$ A filter with a bandpass of 10 nm, centred at 650 nm, was placed in front of the CCD detector used to record the image. / 650nmに中心があり、10nmのバンドパスがあるフィルターが、像を記録するために用いられたCCD検出器の前方に置かれた。(USP6975457)

    $$ The LED 106 is centered within the jewel stone 100. / LED106は、宝石100の範囲内の中心におかれている。(USP6433483)

    $$ FIG. 5 shows the sine wave oscillator 310, which is centred around a Comlinear CLC428 op-amp U1 and an 11.286 MHz crystal X1 (208 in FIG. 2). / 図5は、Comlinear CLC428オペアンプU1および11.286MHz水晶発振器X1(図2の208)を中心とする正弦波発振器310を示す。(USP6473469)

    $$ Acoustic device according to claim 10 or claim 11, wherein said prescribed distribution of mass is centered at the geometric center of said member. (USP6442282)

    $$ The purpose of the resonant ring is to provide a sharp cut-off of the passband of the main ring, which is centered on the operating frequency of the modules. / この共振リングの目的は、メイン・リングの通過帯域をシャープに切り離すことであり、このメイン・リングはこれらのモジュールの動作周波数の中心に位置している。(USP5389890)

    $$ The lens system 410 is centered about the optical axis 405. (USP6420714)

    (CENTRAL(LY))
    $$ The radial wall 23 defines a central circular hole for supply of coolant to the machine and to allow the rotor to be mounted on a shaft. / 半径方向の端壁23は、冷却剤を機械へ供給するためと、ロータを軸に取り付けることができるようにするための円形の中心穴を有する。(USP6815848)

    $$ The camera 222 need not be mounted centrally of the display panel 220. / カメラ222は、ディスプレイパネル220の中心に搭載する必要はない。(USP6812954)

    $$ FIG. 8 illustrates a central region of the sensor of FIG. 5; / 【図8】図5のセンサの中心領域を示す図である。(USP6809514)

    (ABOUT)
    $$ FIG. 3 is a cross-sectional side view of FIG. 2 but with after the shaft has been rotated about point "X" in the plane of the drawing; / 【図3】図2の断面側面図であって、シャフトが図面に対してX点を中心として回転された図である。(USP8490927)

    $$ Correction of yaw error is less straightforward requiring a rotation of the antenna about the bore-sight axis. / ヨー誤差の補正は、あまり簡単でなく、ボアサイト軸を中心とするアンテナの回転を必要とする。(USP8339307)

    $$ The golf club will generally include means for locking the club head against rotation about the shank axis. / 本ゴルフクラブは、シャンク軸中心の回動に対してクラブヘッドを固定するための手段を含む。(USP6110055)

    $$ Thus, it will be seen that the data values present upon the seven taps are symmetrically extended about the first data value "d1". / こうして、7タップに存在するデータ値が、第1データ値「d1」を中心として対称的に拡張されることが分かるであろう。(USP5381354)

    (AROUND)
    $$ After sintering and poling, upon activation the curved elongate member 261 rotates around the axis 271. / 結とポーリングの後、活性化すると、湾曲した長い部材261が軸271を中心に回転する。(USP6833656)

    $$ For example, a tanker section of an FPSO may require at least 300 m of clear water in every direction around a point at which it is moored. / 例えば、FPSOのタンカ部分では、係留された地点を中心とする全方向の少なくとも300mで、障害物のない海域が必要となりうる。(USP8641324)

    $$ The drive and pick-off transducers are arranged around the ring structure 12. / 駆動及びピックオフトランスデューサは、リング構造体12を中心として配置されている。(USP8555717)

    (OTHERS)
    $$ The TDLs are created using three loci of the form of straight line, intercepting in the point of focus of the orthogonal display. / TDLは、直線という形態のかつ直交表示の中心点において互いに交差する3つの軌跡を使用して、作成される。(USP7643670): focus

    $$ At the mid point of the aperture there is a narrow section 49 of 20 micrometers height. / 開口部の中心点には、高さ20マイクロメートルの狭部49がある。(USP5961832): mid point

                            目次はこちら

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  • Antitrust Laws Are Not Enough to Kill Big Tech Monopolies

    The United States is looking to antitrust law to break up big tech. Later today, for example, the House Subcommittee on Antitrust, Commercial, and Administrative Law will be meeting for a hearing on “Online Platforms and Market Power, Part 2: Innovation and Entrepreneurship.” Unfortunately, this may have become necessary, but it will not solve the problem of big tech monopolies. That can only be solved by understanding how big tech creates megamarkets and how they use shadow patent systems to…

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  • 中実(中身の詰まった)

                            目次はこちら

    中実(中身の詰まった)

    –>中空

    (SOLID)
    $$ The outer casing 54 is formed by a solid wall made from a plastics material or other material suitable for the manufacture of this type of component. / 外ケーシング54は、プラスチック材料又はこの種のコンポーネントの製造に適した他の材料で作られた中実の壁によって形成されている。(USP8155508)

    $$ The reinforcement elements may be solid or tubular. / 補強素子は、中実又は管状とすることができる。(USP8066842)

    $$ Baskets 57 have a mesh base 57A and solid walls 57B with a recess in the rim to retain a silicone rubber ring washer 65. / バスケット57は、メッシュ状のベース57Aと中実壁57Bとを有している。中実壁57Bは、シリコンゴムリングワッシャ65を保持するため、縁に凹部を有している。(USP7622140)

    $$ Clearly, the invention could also be used in solid wall constructions (that is, those without cavities). / 本発明が中実の壁構造(つまり、空洞のない壁)で使用できることも明確である。(USP7599597)

    $$ Alternatively a separate lens could be optically cemented to the end of a solid kaleidoscope with a plane output face. / 代替的に、出力面が平坦な中実万華鏡の端部に、別のレンズを光学的に接着することができる。(USP7589825)

    (SOLIDLY)
    $$ However, this is not an effective use of catalyst as the transmission of light through a solidly packed column will be poor. / しかしながら、中実に充填されたカラムを通る光の透過性は悪いため、これは、触媒の効果的使用ではない。 (USP8173015)

    $$ One method of carrying out photocatalytic reactions is to pack photocatalyst solidly into a column through which a liquid which is to be treated flows. / 光触媒反応を行なう1つの方法は、光触媒を、被処理液体が流通するカラムに中実に充填することである。(USP8173015)

                            目次はこちら

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  • Federal Circuit Issues Slightly Revised Opinion in SRI v. Cisco

    I blogged about the original panel opinion in March (here), stating:
    On willfulness, the court concludes that the evidence did not permit the inference that Cisco willfully infringed during the entire time period that finding covered, and remands for further proceedings . . . .

    Surprisingly, perhaps, since fees often are not awarded to the plaintiff unless the infringement was willful, the court affirms the exceptionality finding, though it remands for a recalculation . . . .

    On Friday, the court issued a revised opinion modifying the portion of the opinion addressing attorneys’ fees.  Here is the relevant portion of the original opinion: 
    . . . To meet the abuse-of-discretion standard, the appellant must show that the district court made “a clear error of judgment in weighing relevant factors or in basing its decision on an error of law or on clearly erroneous factual findings.” Bayer, 851 F.3d at 1306 (quoting Mentor Graphics, 150 F.3d at 1377); see also Highmark, 572 U.S. at 563 n.2.

    We see no such error in the district court’s determination that this was an exceptional case. The district court found:

    There can be no doubt from even a cursory review of the record that Cisco pursued litigation about as aggressively as the court has seen in its judicial experience. While defending a client aggressively is understandable, if not laudable, in the case at bar, Cisco crossed the line in several regards.  Post-Trial Motions Op., 254 F. Supp. 3d at 722.

    The district court further explained that “Cisco’s litigation strategies in the case at bar created a substantial amount of work for both SRI and the court, much of which work was needlessly repetitive or irrelevant or frivolous.” Id. at 723 (footnotes omitted). Indeed, the district court inventoried Cisco’s aggressive tactics, including maintaining nineteen invalidity theories until the eve of trial but only presenting two at trial and pursuing defenses at trial that were contrary to the court’s rulings or Cisco’s internal documents. Id. at 722. The district court concluded that all of this, in addition to the fact that the jury found that Cisco’s infringement was willful, led it to exercise its discretion pursuant to § 285 to award SRI its attorneys’ fees and costs. Id. at 723. We conclude that the district court did not abuse its discretion in so finding (pp. 22-23).

    Here is the modified opinion, with the new matter in boldface:
    . . . To meet the abuse-of-discretion standard, the appellant must show that the district court made “a clear error of judgment in weighing relevant factors or in basing its decision on an error of law or on clearly erroneous factual findings.” Bayer, 851 F.3d at 1306 (quoting Mentor Graphics, 150 F.3d at 1377); see also Highmark, 572 U.S. at 563 n.2.

    We see no such error in the district court’s determination that this was an exceptional case. The district court found:

    There can be no doubt from even a cursory review of the record that Cisco pursued litigation about as aggressively as the court has seen in its judicial experience. While defending a client aggressively is understandable, if not laudable, in the case at bar, Cisco crossed the line in several regards.
    Post-Trial Motions Op., 254 F. Supp. 3d at 722.

    The district court further explained that “Cisco’s litigation strategies in the case at bar created a substantial amount of work for both SRI and the court, much of which work was needlessly repetitive or irrelevant or frivolous.” Id. at 723 (footnotes omitted). Indeed, the district court inventoried Cisco’s aggressive tactics, including maintaining nineteen invalidity theories until the eve of trial but only presenting two at trial and pursuing defenses at trial that were contrary to the court’s rulings or Cisco’s internal documents. Id. at 722. Nevertheless, the district court relied in part on the fact that the jury found that Cisco’s infringement was willful in its determination to exercise its discretion pursuant to § 285 to award SRI its attorneys’ fees and costs. Id. at 723. Accordingly, we vacate the district court’s award of attorneys’ fees and remand for further consideration along with willfulness (pp. 22-23, emphasis added).

    So, unless I’m missing something, that’s it.  I’m having a bit of a hard time wrapping my head around the simultaneous affirmation that there was “no . . . error in the . . . determination that this was an exceptional case,” and the decision to remand to determine if the decision to award fees was based on an incorrect determination of willfulness; but I think the court is saying that the exceptionality finding can stand, but that the possible lack of willfulness should factor in to the determination whether to award fees.
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  • The Federal Circuit Must Revisit Its Imprudent Decision in Chargepoint v. SemaConnect

    I recently authored an article for IPWatchdog arguing that the Federal Circuit in ChargePoint Inc. v. SemaConnect, Inc., (2018-1739) effectively overruled the new U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) patent eligibility guidance. In my opinion, the ChargePoint decision was the very case that the Supreme Court in Alice Corp. v. CLS Bank warned would swallow all of patent law. After all, the Federal Circuit had the opportunity to take the Court’s caution seriously and interpret the…

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  • U.S. Mayors have become President

    Within a post on JFK, Jr. at PEOPLE magazine:


    Once we were in a meeting with Sen. Al D’Amato, who said John should run for mayor of New York City.
    After we left, I asked him, “Would you ever run for mayor?” and he said no. I asked him why, and he said,
    “Well, Rosie, how many mayors do you know that become President?”

    link: The JFK Jr. We Loved: Close Friends Look Back at the (Ridiculously) Handsome but Down-To-Earth First Son

    Although one might guess the answer is zero, the correct answer is three, with the most notable being Grover Cleveland who had been the mayor of Buffalo, New York. More mayors became president than senators from Massachusetts. Cleveland’s VP mate was Thomas Andrews Hendricks of Indiana. Hendricks died on November 25, 1885, after serving less than a year as VP. After Hendricks died, Cleveland had no vice-president for the duration of his first term.

    Related to “Mayor Pete” of South Bend, U.S. Grant’s first vice-president was Schuyler Colfax of South Bend, Indiana, who was the first person to have served as Vice-President and Speaker of the House of Representatives.

    So, mayors can become president and people from South Bend, Indiana can be powerful.

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  • Five Tips for Keeping Safe with Your Head in the Cloud

    Management of trade secrets is fraught with competing interests. There is the tradeoff between security and inconvenience—for example, the annoying wait for a special code to allow “two-factor identification” when you already have your password handy. There is trusting your employees while knowing they might leave to join a competitor. And there is the tension between corporate secrecy and the public interest, such as when the fire department insists on knowing what toxic chemicals are used in…

    Continue Reading ...
  • Big Tech Under Fire in Congress

    A hearing of the House Subcommittee on Antitrust, Commercial, and Administrative Law held yesterday examined whether big tech companies—Amazon, Google, Facebook, and Apple—are becoming too powerful and deterring innovation. In “Online Platforms and Market Power, Part 2: Innovation and Entrepreneurship,” Subcommittee Chair, Representative David Cicilline (D-RI), said that Google controls search, Amazon controls nearly half of all online U.S. commerce, Facebook captures over 80% of global social…

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  • Breaking News # 1: DOJ Files Statement of Interest, Again, in FTC v. Qualcomm

    I just saw this on Twitter, reported by Bloomberg’s Victoria Graham.  The Antitrust Division wants the Ninth Circuit to stay the injunction.  (As Yogi Berra would say, it’s déjà vu all over again.)  The Division also is representing that the Department of Defense “firmly believes that any measure that inappropriately limits Qualcomm’s technological leadership, ability to invest in research and development (R&D), and market competitiveness, even in the short-term, could harm national security.”  I’m having a hard time wrapping my head around the idea that national security requires that we throw antitrust law under the bus, but we’ll see. 
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  • Consider the Courage of Judge Newman at the Federal Circuit

    With more dissents than any other Federal Circuit Judge in history,  Judge Pauline Newman is driven by a need to safeguard our national system of innovation. Judge Newman has argued throughout the years that the Federal Circuit was created to rebuild and renew the patent system to encourage and incentivize industry, which is precisely the purpose both the Carter and Reagan Administrations had in mind when advocating for the creation of the Federal Circuit, which ultimately took form in 1982….

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  • 中実(中身の詰まった)

                            目次はこちら

    中実(中身の詰まった)

    –>中空

    (SOLID)
    $$ The outer casing 54 is formed by a solid wall made from a plastics material or other material suitable for the manufacture of this type of component. / 外ケーシング54は、プラスチック材料又はこの種のコンポーネントの製造に適した他の材料で作られた中実の壁によって形成されている。(USP8155508)

    $$ The reinforcement elements may be solid or tubular. / 補強素子は、中実又は管状とすることができる。(USP8066842)

    $$ Baskets 57 have a mesh base 57A and solid walls 57B with a recess in the rim to retain a silicone rubber ring washer 65. / バスケット57は、メッシュ状のベース57Aと中実壁57Bとを有している。中実壁57Bは、シリコンゴムリングワッシャ65を保持するため、縁に凹部を有している。(USP7622140)

    $$ Clearly, the invention could also be used in solid wall constructions (that is, those without cavities). / 本発明が中実の壁構造(つまり、空洞のない壁)で使用できることも明確である。(USP7599597)

    $$ Alternatively a separate lens could be optically cemented to the end of a solid kaleidoscope with a plane output face. / 代替的に、出力面が平坦な中実万華鏡の端部に、別のレンズを光学的に接着することができる。(USP7589825)

    (SOLIDLY)
    $$ However, this is not an effective use of catalyst as the transmission of light through a solidly packed column will be poor. / しかしながら、中実に充填されたカラムを通る光の透過性は悪いため、これは、触媒の効果的使用ではない。 (USP8173015)

    $$ One method of carrying out photocatalytic reactions is to pack photocatalyst solidly into a column through which a liquid which is to be treated flows. / 光触媒反応を行なう1つの方法は、光触媒を、被処理液体が流通するカラムに中実に充填することである。(USP8173015)

                            目次はこちら

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  • This Week on Capitol Hill: Copyright Office Oversight, Threats to the Trademark System and Big Tech Antitrust Issues

    This week features a busy schedule of hearings on Capitol Hill involving technology, innovation and intellectual property topics. In the House of Representatives, the House Financial Services Committee will get their chance to vet Facebook’s Libra cryptocurrency, while other hearings focus on wireless spectrum policy, antitrust issues posed by Internet platforms, as well as issues facing the U.S. trademark system, including counterfeits and register cluttering. In the Senate, Google censorship,…

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  • Evidentiary Hearing Held in Engineer’s Suit Against U.S. Patent and Trademark Office Alleging Bad-Faith Patent Examinations

    The extent to which the existence of a patent system will promote “the progress of science and useful arts, by securing for limited times to … inventors the exclusive rights to their … discoveries” depends on whether patent applications are examined in an unbiased manner and without undue delay. Some patent applicants and some patent practitioners have been fortunate and have generally observed reasonable timeliness and action by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO). Others have had…

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