• SCOTUS to decide if lost profits can be awarded for infringement committed on high seas

    The Supreme Court will hear WesternGeco LLC v. ION Geophysical Corp., which asks whether the Federal Circuit erred in holding that lost profits arising from prohibited combinations occurring outside of the United States are categorically unavailable in cases where patent infringement is proven under 35 U.S.C. § 271(f)… Because lost profits damages were awarded for lost contracts for services to be performed on the high seas, outside of the jurisdiction of U.S. patent law, the Federal Circuit…

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  • SCOTUS to decide if lost profits can be awarded for infringement committed on high seas

    The Supreme Court will hear WesternGeco LLC v. ION Geophysical Corp., which asks whether the Federal Circuit erred in holding that lost profits arising from prohibited combinations occurring outside of the United States are categorically unavailable in cases where patent infringement is proven under 35 U.S.C. § 271(f)… Because lost profits damages were awarded for lost contracts for services to be performed on the high seas, outside of the jurisdiction of U.S. patent law, the Federal Circuit…

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  • The Legal Reality of Social Media IP: Who Owns What?

    Today, as social media becomes more essential for businesses, there will almost certainly be an increase in intellectual property disputes about social media account ownership. Lawsuits relating to Twitter followers, LinkedIn connections, or Facebook friends are not off limits. These intangible assets — social media IP assets — are becoming increasingly more valuable to businesses… According to Ball, companies should be clear about who owns a social media account and what an employee can do…

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  • Akin Gump Names Steven Maslowski New Co-Head of Intellectual Property Practice

    Akin Gump has announced that Steven D. Maslowski has been named co-head of the firm’s intellectual property practice. Mr. Maslowski will transition into the role of sole leader of the practice during the next several months, after which time Steven M. Zager, who had been serving as the sole head of the practice since 2005, will step down to return to his full-time practice of law.

    The post Akin Gump Names Steven Maslowski New Co-Head of Intellectual Property Practice appeared first on…

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  • PTAB Life Sciences Report

    By John Cravero — About the PTAB Life Sciences Report: Each month we will report on developments at the PTAB involving life sciences patents. Acclarent, Inc. v. Ford Albritton, IV PTAB Petition: IPR2018-00268; filed December 1, 2017. Patent at Issue: …

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  • Anthony McCain

    Patently-O readers have been reading Anthony McCain’s “Bits and Bytes” on Patently-O for the past few years. McCain was one my Patent Law students but now has joined Duke Yee’s Dallas Firm (Yee & Associates).  Hopefully he’ll still have time to provide us with some insights now and then. Congratulations Anthony!    

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  • Smith & Nephew largely loses appeal at CAFC related to Reciprocating rotary arthroscopic surgical instrument

    Claims of a Smith & Nephew patent were at issue in
    re-examination 95/001,933. Of interest was that a later-appearing
    independent claim was found to be anticipated, while an earlier claim
    was merely found obvious. Smith & Nephew did prevail on an “analogous art” issue.

    Claim 1:


    A surgical instrument, comprising:

    a cutting member including an implement for cutting tissue; and a drive coupled to the cutting member to simultaneously rotate, translate, and reciprocate the cutting member in response to only a rotational force applied to the drive in a single direction and to cut tissue during simultaneous rotation and translation of the cutting member;

    wherein the drive includes a drive member attached to the cutting member, the drive member including a helical groove, and the drive includes a translation piece disposed in the groove such that rotary driving of the drive member results in simultaneous reciprocation of the drive member relative to the translation piece.

    Claim 32:


    A surgical instrument, comprising:

    a cutting member including an implement for cutting tissue; a drive coupled to the cutting member to simultaneously rotate, translate, and reciprocate the cutting member in response to only a rotational force applied to the drive in a single direction and to cut tissue during simultaneous rotation and translation of the cutting member;

    and an outer tubular member, the cutting member being received within the outer tubular member, the outer tubular member including a cutting window disposed proximate to a tip of the outer tubular member.

    As to the outcome:


    The Patent Trial and Appeal Board affirmed the rejection
    of claims 1–16, 19–22, and 25–33 of U.S. Patent
    No. 7,226,459 as anticipated or obvious in light of the
    prior art.

    The anticipation argument touched claims 32-33:


    Therefore, we affirm the determination that Middle
    anticipates claims 32 and 33.

    The Middle reference was mentioned in obviousness arguments:


    The Board found that Middle discloses most of the
    limitations of claims 1–16, 19, and 25–31, but does not
    disclose a “drive member including a helical groove.”
    Middle instead discloses a cam groove “which bends
    towards one end . . . , such as a continuous sine wave.”

    As to obviousness


    Finally, we turn to Rejections 5 and 8, in which the
    Board affirmed the rejection of claims 1–2, 4–14, 19–22,
    25, and 27–31 as obvious based on the combinations of
    Galloway with Middle and Kaplan. Smith & Nephew
    argues that Galloway is not analogous art. We agree.

    Galloway is titled, “Reciprocating Apparatus and Cam
    Follower for Winding a Package.” J.A. 878. “This invention
    relates to the production of glass fibers, and in particular,
    to winding a glass fiber strand to form packages.”
    Id. at 1:21–23. Galloway discloses a reciprocating apparatus
    with a helical groove. Id. at 2:19–21. The Board
    found that Galloway was relevant to solving the technical
    problem of converting rotational motion into simultaneous
    rotational, translational, and reciprocal motions. J.A. 40.
    Because Middle teaches that the shape of the cam groove
    can be modified to vary the number of reciprocations per
    rotation of the drive piston, the Board found that a person
    of skill in the art would seek out teachings regarding
    relevant cam grooves. Id. at 40–41.

    To determine if a prior art reference is analogous, we
    consider “(1) whether the art is from the same field of
    endeavor, regardless of the problem addressed, and (2) if
    the reference is not within the field of the inventor’s
    endeavor, whether the reference still is reasonably pertinent
    to the particular problem with which the inventor is
    involved.” In re Clay, 966 F.2d 656, 658 (Fed. Cir. 1992).
    “A reference is reasonably pertinent if, even though it
    may be in a different field from that of the inventor’s
    endeavor, it is one which, because of the matter with
    which it deals, logically would have commended itself to
    an inventor’s attention in considering his problem.” Id. at
    659.

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  • 抑える

                            目次はこちら

    抑える

    (KEEP)
    $$ Therefore, it is advantageous to keep the apparatus as simple and cheap as possible. / このため、装置をできる限り単純かつ安価に抑えることが有利となる。(USP8936113)

    $$ The expenditure involved in data evaluation can be kept small. / データ評価にかかる手間を、小さく抑えることができる。(USP8733162)

    (REDUCE)
    $$ It is furthermore an object of the present invention to provide a device for cleaning vehicle surfaces which has a reduced number of moving parts. / さらに、本発明の目的は、作動部品の点数を抑えた車両表面の洗浄装置を提供することを目的する。(USP8905327)

    $$ Such exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) is known per se for reducing oxygen content of combustion air and reducing NOx emissions. / このような排気ガス再循環(EGR)は、燃焼空気の酸素分を抑え、NOx排出量を抑制するためにそれ自体が公知である。(USP8875685)

    $$ This enables the mounting of the landing gear assembly to the wing to be reduced in strength and therefore weight. / これによって、着陸装置アセンブリの翼への装着の強度を抑え従って重量を低減することができる。(USP8844864)

    $$ Humectants serve to reduce the rate of evaporation of components and improve product feel if direct skin contact is involved. / この湿潤剤は、液成分の蒸発速度を低く抑える作用を示し、直接皮膚に触れる場合に感触を改善する。(USP8562907)

    $$ This reduces out-of-band interference presented to base stations BS121 etc. / これにより、基地局BS121などに示される帯域外の干渉が抑えられる。(USP8269668)

    $$ This reduces the possibility of analytes contained in a gas phase from becoming attached to portions of the fluid gating structure. / これによって気相に含まれた検体が流体ゲート構造体の部分に付着する可能性が抑えられる。(USP7619265)

    (MINIMIZE)
    $$ Since the area of the substrate to be processed is minimised, problems with dishing and erosion are alleviated. / 処理される基板の領域は最小限に抑えられるため、ディッシングと腐食の問題は緩和される。(USP7640647)

    $$ This can aid in minimizing the size of the or each insert so as to fit inside the housing. / これによって、インサートまたは各インサートの大きさをハウジングの内側に嵌るように最小限に抑えるのを助けることができる。(USP7213467)

    $$ An object of the invention is to minimise or to overcome this disadvantage. / 本発明の目的は、上記欠点を最小限に抑えること、又は、解決することである。(USP6222843)

    $$ Fweb is the frequency reuse factor needed to minimise interference in the present invention, / Fwebは、本発明での干渉を最小限に抑えるるために必要とされる周波数再利用係数である。(USP6553020)

    (SAVE)
    $$ This also saves on the cost of materials–all lengths of pipe attached to the mole will be left in the ground, since it is intended that no part of the apparatus be retrieved. / また、材料費も抑えられ、装置のどの部品も回収されないため、掘削機に接続されたパイプの長さはすべて地中に残される。(USP8936113)

    $$ This dramatically saves on production and design costs and enables inexpensive, disposable valves to be produced in high volumes. / このことにより、製造及びデザインに係る費用を飛躍的に抑えることができ、安価で使い捨て可能なバルブを大量に製造することができるようになる。(USP8048041)

    (OTHERS)
    $$ Shield elements 58 may be provided to resist seepage of lubricant from the bearing 42. / 遮蔽要素58を設けて、軸受42からの潤滑剤の漏出を抑えることができる。(USP8662841): resist

    $$ The vacuum pump unit 30 is provided with various filter modules 38, 40 to catch "solid" material and suppress odours, respectively. / 真空ポンプユニット30には、種々のフィルターモジュール38,40が設けられており、それぞれ、「固形」物質を捕捉すると共に匂いを抑えている。(USP8551061): suppress

    $$ Such treatment inhibits the local formation of corona and can keep the power consumption down. / そのような処理は、コロナ放電の特定の形成を抑制し、かつ電力消費量を抑えることができる。(USP8490898): inhibit

    $$ This makes the coupling tolerant to moderate misalignment of the PGA about a horizontal axis, as well as lateral misalignment. / これは、側面のミスアラインメントだけでなく、水平軸についての発電装置のミスアラインメントを抑えるのに、結合を強くする。(USP8459945): moderate

    $$ The lever 64 is held down, against the bias of the spring 22 by a single water reactive band 66, which again extends around the container 12 from top to bottom. / レバー64は、この場合も同様に上端から下端まで容器12の周りに延在する単一の水反応性バンド66によってばね22の付勢に対抗して抑えられている。(USP8430704): hold

    $$ This ensures the sliding motion along the dummy cardan pin 60 is limited to +/-0.5 mm. / この構成により、カルダンピン60に沿った摺動距離を+/-0.5mmに抑えることができる。(USP8313131): limit

    $$ The strain at the crack site in the hub 4 will therefore be controlled, and the propagation of the crack will occur slowly. / そのため、ハブ4の亀裂箇所にかかる負担が抑えられ、亀裂の拡大がゆっくり起こる。(USP8234953): control

    $$ To quench the exotherm, the computer 36 operates the pump 29 to introduce cold glycol into the curing tank 1. / 発熱を抑えるために、コンピュータ36は、ポンプ29を作動させて、低温グリコールを硬化タンク1内に導入する。(USP8211339): quench

                            目次はこちら

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  • Senate Schedules Andrei Iancu Confirmation Vote for February 5

    On Monday, February 5, 2018, the United States Senate will hold a confirmation vote on Andrei Iancu, President Trump’s pick to become the next Under Secretary of Commerce for Intellectual Property and Director of the United States Patent and Trademark Office.

    The post Senate Schedules Andrei Iancu Confirmation Vote for February 5 appeared first on IPWatchdog.com | Patents & Patent Law.

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