• Injured by Estoppel

    Injured by Estoppel

    A major limitation on Federal Court policy-setting is the actual-controversy limitation housed in Article III of the U.S. Constitution.  “Article III” courts are limited to hearing “actual cases and immediate controversies.”  Hollingsworth v. Perry, 133 S. Ct. 2652 (2013).  As an executive agency, the USPTO is not so limited.  Rather, the USPTO is empowered to decide AIA-style patent challenges regardless of whether any actual controversy exists between the patent-challenger and the patent owner.  Thus, when Altair Pharma filed its Post Grant Review petition, the USPTO did not even need to consider whether Altair had any interest in the litigation.  However, even in AIA-trials, the case-or-controversy issue arises upon appeal to the Federal Circuit since the Federal Circuit is an Article III court bound by the case-or-controversy jurisdictional limit.  Here, the PTAB sided with the patentee Paragon and a major element stumbling block for Altair’s appeal was proving it had standing.

    In Altaire Pharma v. Paragon Biotech, App. No. 2017-1487 (Fed. Cir. May 11, 2018), the Federal Circuit has issued a sharply split decision on whether PGR petitioner Altair has constitutional standing to appeal the PTAB decision confirming patentability of Paragon’s U.S.

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  • The Abolition of Form 18, Discovery Limits, and Lawyering

    “Back when I was young,” all we had to do to file an infringement suit was use Form 18 and basically allege “Plaintiff owns a patent and you sell stuff that infringes it.”  (For one story about the process of repealing it (and almost all of the forms that used to be sufficient as a matter of law to state a claim), read here.)  Abolishing the form meant that the Iqbal/Twombly requirements of pleading factual material, not naked allegations or legal conclusions, which if true plausibly showed infringement.

    That eliminated the ability to sue for infringing some patents — say a method claim practiced inside a factory.

    At the same time Form 18 went away, the scope of discovery was narrowed.  While everyone focuses on the proportionality requirement, Rule 26 was also narrowed to eliminate the ability of a court, even for good cause, to permit discovery into the subject matter of a suit — only discovery into claims or defenses was permitted, and it had to be proportional and so on.

    So, that again eliminated the ability to sue for some infringement, and it made it very important that pre-suit investigation identify every infringing product/use possible, or at least do so early and consistent with patent local rules.  

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  • CAFC Affirms Rejection of Application for Incorrect Inventorship

    The Federal Circuit recently affirmed a decision of the United States Patent and Trademark Office to reject VerHoef’s pending application 13/328,201 for a dog harness under pre-AIA Section 102(f) because the applicant “did not himself invent the subject matter sought to be patented.” At the Federal Circuit, VerHoef conceded that the figure “8” loop was an essential feature, and did not dispute that the veterinarian, and not he, contributed the idea of the figure eight loop.

    The post CAFC…

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  • Messy Trademark Case Over ‘The Sloppy Tuna’ Gets Cleaned Up by the Second Circuit

    ???In Montauk U.S.A. v. 148 South Emerson Associates the Second Circuit vacated-in-part an earlier ruling in a trademark case. In that ruling, the district court denied a motion for preliminary injunction filed by Montauk, which was asserting its trademark rights to marks associated with The Sloppy Tuna restaurant.

    The post Messy Trademark Case Over ‘The Sloppy Tuna’ Gets Cleaned Up by the Second Circuit appeared first on IPWatchdog.com | Patents & Patent Law.

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  • Conference & CLE Calendar

    May 15, 2018 – “USPTO Post-Grant Patent Trials 2018: Change & Recalibration” (Practising Law Institute) – San Francisco May 17, 2018 – “Patenting Antibodies at the EPO” (J A Kemp) – 15:30 (Greenwich Mean Time) May 17, 2018 – “Patent Exclusivity Hea…

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  • 基本構成・基本構造



    $$ Alternatively a basic structure of chemically resistant material with "window" inserts of transparent material will serve the same purpose. / あるいは、透明な材質である「窓」挿入物(”window” inserts)を備えた化学的に抵抗力がある材料の基本構造は同じ目的にかなっている。(USP7605002)

    $$ Such a microscope has a basic structure which is illustrated in FIG. 2 of the drawings. / そのような顕微鏡は、図面の図2に描かれている基本構造を持っている。(USP5946131)

    $$ This basic structure is then diamond-machined to form the cross-section 40 shown in FIG. 7a. / 次に、この基本構造をダイヤモンド加工し、図7aに示す断面40を形成する。(USP6278541)

    $$ As seen in FIG. 8, the basic structure of the tap is substantially the same as that of the previous embodiments. (USP6827238)

    $$ The basic structure of the radio frequency parts of a node 2 is shown in FIG. 10. / ノード2の無線周波数部分の基本的な構造は、図10に図示される。(USP6553020)

    $$ FIG. 1 is a cross-sectional diagram for showing the basic structure of a bi-directional transient suppressor; (USP5429953)

    $$ That clamp includes the same basic structure as shown in FIG. 3.(USP6682031)

    $$ It will be appreciated that the two execution units have the same basic structure. (USP7167887)

    $$ For example a basic structure comprises transparent material but in which inserts of chemically resistant material are included in the substrate in regions where solvent contact is possible. / 例えば基本構造は透明な材質を備えているが、その材質には溶媒が接触する部分における基材に含まれる化学的抵抗がある材質が含まれている。(USP7605002)

    $$ In a basic arrangement, electronic files of digital photographs, sound files etc. are already stored at one location within the set up, typically in the file store (16). / 基本的な構成では、デジタル写真の電子ファイル、サウンドファイル等が、通常はファイル記憶装置(16)のセットアップ内の1つの場所にすでに記憶されている。(USP7578441)

    $$ FIG. 2B is the same basic arrangement as in FIGS. 1 and 2A except that the second of the two primary beam collimators 2 of the former arrangement is replaced by a collimator plate 24 in which the single continuous slot used before to produce a continuous fan beam is divided into a series of short slots. / 図2Bは、図1及び2Aと同じ基本構成であるが、前者の構成体の2つの一次ビームコリメータ2の第2のコリメータがコリメータプレート24に置き換えられており、連続的な扇状ビームを発生するために前記で使用された単一の連続的なスロットが一連の短いスロットに分割されている。(USP6122344)

    $$ This may be of particular benefit as the un-sprung mass of the landing gear may be almost unchanged from the baseline landing gear. / これは、着陸装置の非バネ入り部の質量が基本構造の着陸装置とほとんど代わらないので、特に有利である。(USP8684300): baseline

    $$ For lengths of 80% of the base configuration and more, some compression loads are also seen to occur. / 基本構成の80%以上の長さでは、ある程度の圧縮荷重の発生も見られる。(USP8641324): base configuration


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