• Expansion of the Blocking Patent Doctrine: Trading Logic for Gremlins

    Since Merck & Co. v. Teva Pharmaceuticals, blocking patent arguments have arisen in the Federal Circuit primarily in the pharmaceutical patent context, and until now have largely been limited to undermining evidence of commercial success. But just like gremlins fed after midnight, this doctrine inevitably spawned unwanted offspring that are now wreaking havoc… Assuming that no one would ever develop a product that might infringe a patent is inconsistent with numerous Federal Circuit…

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  • Microsoft Joins Open Invention Network In A “Nice Validation” Of Open Source Movement

    Tech giant Microsoft’s 10 October announcement that it will participate in the Open Invention Network is a “nice validation” of the organisation and a pragmatic acknowledgement that the open source software community is interdependent, CEO Keith Bergelt said in an 11 October interview. Microsoft said its decision to join reflects its changing views on patent practice.

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  • US Music Modernization Act Becomes “The Law Of The Land”; A Boost For Songwriter Compensation

    The Music Modernization Act, legislation that will transform the music licensing framework in the United States, was signed into law by President Donald Trump during a ceremony at the White House on 11 October that included several artists such as Sam Moore from Sam & Dave, Kid Rock, Mike Love of the Beach Boys and Jeff Baxter of the Doobie Brothers and Steely Dan, among others.

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  • ITC Institutes Section 337 Investigation of ResMed’s Sleep Apnea Masks

    On Friday, October 5th, the U.S. International Trade Commission (ITC) issued a notice of institution of a Section 337 patent infringement investigation requested by New Zealand-based appliance manufacturer Fisher & Paykel against San Diego, CA-based medical equipment firm ResMed. The ITC instituted the Section 337 investigation after Fisher & Paykel alleged that certain sleep apnea products imported for sale by ResMed infringe upon U.S. patents held by the New Zealand firm.

    The post…

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  • 事前に




    $$ Optionally, the speech chip assembles its output using pre-recorded phonemes. / 任意選択で、発話チップは、事前に記録された音素を用いてその出力を組み立てる。(USP8374876)

    $$ The adhesive may be pre-applied to an outer surface of the tab 27 as indicated at 49. / 上記接着剤は49に示すように、タブ27の外表面に事前に塗布してもよい。(USP8348143)

    $$ In a further scenario the relevant electronic files may already be pre-linked to a pre-created OIP. / 追加のシナリオでは、関連性のある電子ファイルは事前に作成されたOIPにすでに事前にリンクされてよい。(USP7578441)

    $$ One of the first commercial image search engines was QBIC [4] which executes user queries against a database of pre-extracted features. / 初めての商業的な画像サーチエンジンの1つが、事前に抽出された特性のデータベースに対してユーザの照会を実行するQBIC[4]であった。(USP7593602)

    $$ The implication of this on design of the nodes 2 is that the radio system must be frequency-agile, re-tuning to a different pre-allocated channel on each time slot. / ノード2の設計に対し、これは、無線システムは周波数に鋭敏でなければならず、各タイムスロットでの別の事前に割り当てられたチャネルに同調され直されることを意味する。(USP6553020)

    $$ A pre-selection is made as to the number of genetic iterations required and a counting operation will be established at step 1503. / 要求される遺伝的繰返しの数に関して事前に選択が行われ、ステップ1503において計数動作が行われる。(USP6182079)

    $$ In all cases, the surface of the germanium was also pre-polished, the extent of the polishing depending on the initial state of the germanium surface. / すべての場合において、ゲルマニウムの表面も事前に研磨した。研磨の程度は、ゲルマニウム表面の初期状態に依存する。(USP6177674)

    $$ FIG. 2 also shows a possible method whereby adhesive 32, 33 is pre-screened around the periphery of 11 and 12 to form an edge seal. / 又、図2は、エッジ・シールを形成するように基板11及び12の周囲を粘着剤32及び33が事前遮蔽している。(USP5801796)

    $$ In FIG. 19(a) a syringe with a safety shield arrangement as described above is fitted into an autoinjector which has been previously primed by sliding back the cover 54. / 図19(a)において、前述したように安全シールド配列体を備えた注射筒が、カバー54を後方に褶動させることにより事前に準備されていた自動注射器に嵌め合わされる。(USP8932254)

    $$ The individual vector probabilities have previously been shifted to the time of the new field I (by the motion compensators (415) of FIG. 4); / 個々のベクトル確率は、(図4の動き補償器(415)により)新たなフィールドIの時刻に事前にシフトされている。(USP8358878)

    $$ The number of subframes can be determined in advance or varied according to the nature of the image displayed. / サブフレームの数は、事前に決定され、または表示される画像の性質に応じて変更することができる。(USP8237638)

    $$ In the present embodiment, two templates are stored in advance; / 本実施形態では、2つのテンプレートが事前に記憶されている。(USP8098902)

    $$ They do not require information in advance as to which service type to test for, and a time saving can be made since it is not necessary to disconnect and reconnect a large number of different devices. / それらはどのサービス種別について試験するのかに関する情報を事前に必要とせず、非常に多くのさまざまな装置を切断し、再接続することは必要ではないため時間を節約できる。(USP7587029): in advance

    $$ Preferably the form of the locus 24 is predetermined and known to the system beforehand. / 軌跡24の形状は、予め決定され、事前にシステムによって知られていることが好ましい。(USP8243382): beforehand

    $$ For instance, where one has prior knowledge that the image has a small number of point targets the method may involve an image enhancement step may that uses super-resolution methods involving curve-fitting. / 例えば、画像に少数の点の対象があると事前に分かっていれば、この方法は、曲線あてはめを含む超解像度法を用いる画質向上ステップを含むことができる。(USP8068680): prior


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  • FTC Hearings on Competition and Consumer Protection

    I mentioned recently that the Federal Trade Commission is in the process of holding a series of Hearings on Competition and Consumer Protection in the 21st Century, and that I would be participating in the hearing on Innovation and Intellectual Property Policy on October 23.  The Commission has now posted its press release and agenda.  From the press release:
    The Federal Trade Commission announced the agenda for the fourth session of its Hearings initiative, with two full days to be held at the FTC in Washington D.C. on October 23-24, 2018.

    The two-day event will examine the role of intellectual property in promoting innovation from academic, economic, and industry perspectives The sessions also will examine emerging trends in patent quality and litigation, and will include the FTC’s first wide-scale exploration of copyright issues. Drew Hirshfeld, Commissioner for Patents for the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office, will present a keynote address on October 24. See detailed agenda.

    The Commission invites public comment on these issues, including on the questions listed below. Comments can be submitted electronically no later than December 21, 2018.

    1. Is there a role for the government in advancing or supporting innovation?
    2. What is the importance of intellectual property – all forms – in advancing, protecting, and supporting innovation? Does it differ because of industry-specific or other market-based factors, or because of the form of intellectual property?
    3. How does modern economic analysis and empirical literature view the relationship between intellectual property and innovation, and the role of government in advancing and supporting innovation? Are there differences that depend on the type of intellectual property, and the protections offered for that intellectual property?
    4. How can the FTC use its enforcement and policy authority to advance innovation? What factors should the FTC consider in attempting to achieve this objective?
    5. What are emerging trends in patent quality and litigation issues? Should these trends influence the FTC’s enforcement and policy agenda?
    6. How should the current status of copyright law and current business practices influence the FTC’s enforcement and policy agenda?

    Additional sessions of the FTC Hearings initiative will be held throughout the fall and early winter. An initial list of remaining sessions and topics follows, and additional sessions and topics will be announced later . . . .

     *                    *                     *

    On a personal note, I would like to note that today marks the publication of the 1,000th post on this blog.  Milestones like this are arbitrary, but I still feel like celebrating a bit . . . .
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  • Conjecture and Speculation in Patent Obviousness: Trading Logic for Hindsight

    Hindsight bias, the phenomenon that things seem more predictable and obvious after they have occurred, is one of the most widely-studied “decision traps” in psychology… Patent litigation plays right into such human limitations, which affect judges and jurors alike. Patents are often litigated many years after the invention was made, and very often those who are accused of patent infringement will argue that the invention was obvious at the time it was made and a patent was applied for… And…

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