• The Role of Stupidity in Trade Secrets

    Although every case had its own special facts reflecting unique personalities, technologies and business models, one necessary element was present in every single case. Somebody had done something stupid. And they still do. Sometimes it’s about what people do when getting ready to leave their job and go into competition. They brazenly solicit customers or foment discontent among the staff they want to recruit. They use the company’s computer system to research and prepare their business plan….

    Continue Reading ...
  • Supreme Court Refuses to Take SSL Services v. Cisco, Will Not Answer Question on Multiple Proceedings Rule at PTAB

    In its petition for writ, SSL Services argued that the PTAB’s decision to institute the IPR incorrectly denied the application of 35 U.S.C. § 325(d), the statute governing multiple proceedings at the USPTO; giving the USPTO Director authority to reject a proceeding based on substantially similar prior art or arguments already presented to the agency in a validity review. While the PTAB laid out a multi-factor test for applying the multiple proceedings rule in a 2017 precedential decision in…

    Continue Reading ...
  • 主流

                            目次はこちら

    主流

    (MAIN)
    $$ The mainstream smoke is drawn through the second portion of the smoke filter. / そして主流煙は、フィルターの第2部分を介して吸引される。(USP8141559)

    $$ There are two main types of communication system in common usage; multipole and fieldbus. / 慣習的にコミュニケーション・システムの2つの主流タイプ、マルチポールとフィールドバスとがある。(USP7653442)

    $$ Thus inducing swirl results in higher drag to the main flow in and out of the chamber, and reduces air flow through the chamber. / かくして、旋回を生じさせたことの結果として、室内への又は室からの主流に対する抵抗が高くなり、室を通る空気流が減少する。(USP6474569)

    (DOMINANT)
    $$ Whilst detailing herein has been within the context of currently dominant CMOS technology for ICs, it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that principles are involved that are also applicable to other semiconductor technologies, e.g. Silicon-Germanium (Si–Ge), Gallium-Arsenide (Ga–As) etc. / 以上、現在主流のICのCMOS技術に関連付けて詳細に説明したが、別の半導体技術、例えば、シリコン-ゲルマニウム(Si-Ge)、ガリウム-砒素(Ga-As)等にも、本原理は適用可能であることは、当業者には認められよう。(USP6816020)

    $$ Some methods make use of this data at low speeds where "chopping" current control is the dominant control strategy for varying the developed torque. / いくつかの方法は低速時でこのデータを使用し、「チョッピング」電流制御は、発達したトルクを変化させるための主流の制御方法である。(USP6586903)

    (MAJORITY)
    $$ The majority of vacuum cleaners are either of the `upright` type or of the `cylinder` type, called canister or barrel cleaners in some countries. / 真空掃除機の主流は、「直立」型や、国によってはキャニスタまたはバレルクリーナと呼ばれている「筒」型のものである。(USP7600292)

                            目次はこちら

    Continue Reading ...
  • Defensive Collateral Estoppel Applies Only if Essentially Identical Accused Product Found Non-infringing

    In its opinion, the Federal Circuit explained that defensive collateral estoppel of non-infringement applies in very limited circumstances where “a close identity exists between the relevant features of the accused device and the device previously determined to be non-infringing such that they are ‘essentially the same.’” Accused products are essentially the same where “the difference between them are merely ‘colorable’ or ‘unrelated to the limitation in the claim of the patent.’” Thus, “[i]f…

    Continue Reading ...
  • Defensive Collateral Estoppel Applies Only if Essentially Identical Accused Product Found Non-infringing

    In its opinion, the Federal Circuit explained that defensive collateral estoppel of non-infringement applies in very limited circumstances where “a close identity exists between the relevant features of the accused device and the device previously determined to be non-infringing such that they are ‘essentially the same.’” Accused products are essentially the same where “the difference between them are merely ‘colorable’ or ‘unrelated to the limitation in the claim of the patent.’” Thus, “[i]f…

    Continue Reading ...