• D. Delaware reversed in CenTrak case

    CenTrak, Inc. sued Sonitor Technologies, Inc. for alleged infringement
    of U.S. Patent No. 8,604,909 (’909 patent), which claims systems for locating and identifying
    portable devices using ultrasonic base stations. The district court
    granted Sonitor’s motions for summary judgment that claims 1, 7, 8, 16, 18, 21, 22, and 26 are invalid
    for lack of written description and that claims 1, 7, 8, 16,
    18, 21, and 22 are not infringed. Because the district court
    erred in determining that there were no genuine disputes
    of material fact on both issues, we reverse and remand for
    further proceedings.

    Ariad is cited as to written description:

    We have held that “the test for sufficiency” of a patent’s
    written description “is whether the disclosure of the application
    relied upon reasonably conveys to those skilled in
    the art that the inventor had possession of the claimed subject matter
    as of the filing date.” Ariad Pharm., Inc. v. Eli
    Lilly & Co., 598 F.3d 1336, 1351 (Fed. Cir. 2010) (en banc).
    “[T]he test requires an objective inquiry into the four corners
    of the specification from the perspective of a person of
    ordinary skill in the art. Based on that inquiry, the specification must describe
    an invention understandable to that
    skilled artisan and show that the inventor actually invented the invention claimed.”
    Id. A “mere wish or plan”
    for obtaining the claimed invention does not satisfy the
    written description requirement. Regents of the Univ. of
    Cal. v. Eli Lilly & Co., 119 F.3d 1559, 1566 (Fed. Cir. 1997).

    The issue of whether a claimed invention satisfies the written description requirement
    is a question of fact. Ariad, 598 F.3d at 1351.


    As CenTrak correctly points out, a patented invention
    must satisfy separate written description and enablement
    requirements. Ariad, 598 F.3d at 1351. The governing
    statute states, in relevant part: “The specification shall
    contain a written description of the invention, and of the
    manner and process of making and using it, in such full,
    clear, concise, and exact terms as to enable any person
    skilled in the art . . . to make and use the same . . . .” 35
    U.S.C. § 112, ¶ 1 (2006).3 One purpose of this statutory
    provision is to require an inventor to provide sufficient detail
    in a patent’s specification to enable a person of ordinary
    skill in the art to make and use the invention. But a separate purpose
    of this text “is to ‘ensure that the scope of the
    right to exclude, as set forth in the claims, does not overreach the
    scope of the inventor’s contribution to the field of ..


    Thus, we have explained, “written
    description is about whether the skilled reader of the patent disclosure can recognize that what was claimed corresponds to what was described; it is not about whether the
    patentee has proven to the skilled reader that the invention works, or how to make it work, which is an enablement
    issue.” Alcon Research Ltd. v. Barr Labs., Inc., 745 F.3d
    1180, 1191 (Fed. Cir. 2014).
    In this case, genuine issues of material fact remain as
    to whether disclosure of the implementation details that
    the district court identified is necessary to satisfy the written description requirement. The considerations relied on
    by the district court and Sonitor do not compel summary
    judgment for lack of written description. As an initial matter, the district court leaned heavily on the fact that the
    specification devoted relatively less attention to the ultrasonic embodiment compared to the infrared embodiment.
    But in ScriptPro LLC v. Innovation Associates, Inc., 833
    F.3d 1336, 1341 (Fed. Cir. 2016), we explained that “a specification’s focus on one particular embodiment or purpose
    cannot limit the described invention where that specification expressly contemplates other embodiments or purposes.”


    Based on the evidence of record, there is a material dispute of fact as
    to whether the named inventors actually
    possessed an ultrasonic RTL system at the time they filed
    their patent application or whether they were “leaving it to
    the . . . industry to complete an unfinished invention.” Novozymes A/S v.
    DuPont Nutrition Biosciences APS, 723
    F.3d 1336, 1350 (Fed. Cir. 2013) (quoting Ariad, 598 F.3d
    at 1353). Thus, the district court erred in granting summary judgment.

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  • ずれ/ずれる




    $$ In the illustrated embodiment the carriage axis PA is offset radially inwardly from the roller which is advantageous from a packaging point of view. / 図示された実施形態において、キャリッジ軸線PAは、ローラから半径方向内側にずれており、これはパッケージングの観点から有利である。(USP7632208)

    $$ A method according to claim 14, wherein the inlet ducts are offset from a true radial position. / 前記入口導管は半径位置からずれている、請求項14に記載の方法。(USP7618676)

    $$ For example the radial offset OF could in other embodiments (not illustrated) be dispensed with. / 例えば、他の実施形態(図示せず)においては、半径方向のずれOFを省いてもよい。(USP7632208)

    $$ The inertia mass has radially inner and radially outer cylindrical surfaces, the axis of which is offset from the axis of the shaft. / 慣性塊は、半径方向に内側のおよび半径方向に外側の円筒形表面を有し、その軸はシャフトの軸からずれている。(USP7584738)

    $$ The deviation may be used to determine at least one of the dimensions, location and form deviation of the surface feature. / このずれは、表面構造の寸法、位置、および形状のずれの少なくとも一つを決定するために用いられる。(USP8908901)

    $$ The deviation is output at 124 to a proportional integral derivative (PID) controller 126 of the type that will be well known to the skilled person. / このずれは、当業者にはよく知られているタイプの比例積分微分(PID)コントローラへの124での出力である。(USP7607302)

    $$ The phase deviation φ is in radians from a standard linear progression. / 位相偏差φは、標準的な線形プログレッションからのラジアン単位の値である。(USP6339664)

    $$ At larger displacements the movable member 120 is capable of being back-driven. / ピンの位置が大きくずれると、可動部材120の駆動が対抗される。(USP8998129)

    $$ An axial end surface of the inner race is preferably axially displaced relative to an axial end surface of the resilient support. / インナーレースの軸方向端面は、好ましくは、弾性支持体の軸方向端面に対し軸方向にずれている。(USP8851829)

    $$ This lateral displacement is illustrated in FIG. 4 by δ being of finite size. / この横方向のずれは、有限の大きさであるδによって図4に示されている。(USP8674893)

    $$ Because of the inclination of the axis 16, the aperture 19 is of course displaced from the axis of the nozzle-skimmer interface. / 軸線16が傾斜しているので、孔19は当然の如くにノズル-スキマー・インターフェースの軸線からずれている。(USPA01010354)

    $$ In the same way, the frequency correction unit may be periodically turned on to compensate for frequency drift. / 同様に、周波数補正ユニットを周期的に作動させて周波数ずれを補正してもよい。(USP8483322)

    $$ Although the VCO is spectrally pure it will drift with time. / VCOはスペクトル的には純粋であるが、時刻に対するずれを生じる。(USP8238866)

    $$ In addition, the cutting tool may be misaligned with the optimal cutting axis. / さらに、切削工具が最適の切削軸から心ずれする恐れがある。(USP8512341)

    $$ Local disturbances of the above described pattern indicate motion (i.e. misalignment of the volumes). / 上述したパターンの局所的擾乱は、移動(すなわち、容積の位置ズレ)を示す。 (USP7643670)

    $$ This is due to the delicate nature of the ONT equipment, as well the sensitivity of optical fibre joins to misalignment, dust and the like. / これはONT装置の繊細な性質、同様にずれ、埃等に対する光ファイバ接合部の感度のためである。(USP7599597)

    (OUT OF)
    $$ In the twelfth rotary engine, as shown in FIG. 39, the two cavities are positioned out of phase, thus producing a smoother power output. / 図39に示すように第12ロータリーエンジンでは、2つの空所の位相がずれて配置されているので動力の出力がスムーズになる。(USP7650871)

    $$ This indicates that the membrane and the valve are both vibrating in phase with each other, and thus 90° out of phase with the AC drive signal. / これは、上記薄膜及び弁が共に互いに同相で振動し、従って、AC駆動信号とは90度位相がずれていることを示している。(USP7284962)

    $$ The present loudspeaker unit reduces this off-axis loss of treble by dispersing at least the higher treble frequencies by means of the sound mirror 70. これに対して、本例のスピーカユニットはこの様な高域の軸ずれ損失を、音響ミラー70によって少なくとも非常に高い周波数を分散させることで低減することができる。(USP5402502): off

    $$ This increase in pre-travel can result in increased stylus slippage and thus reduced measurement accuracy. / 動作前移動におけるこの増加は、増加した触針のずれをもたらし、したがって、測定精度を低下させる。(USP8676533): slippage

    $$ Also the bearing can be slid under a patient subject to bed sores and moved to and fro to massage the patient. / また、ベアリングは床ずれを起こした患者の下にスライドされ、あちこちに動かされて患者をマッサージする。(USP8052326): sore

    $$ Departures from a truly linear relationship are seen as being related to friction effects due to side loads during the compression of the shock absorber. / 真の直線的関係からのずれは、緩衝装置の圧縮の間の側面荷重による摩擦の影響に関連するものと考えられる。(USP8055396): departure


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  • First PTAB Reversals Under New Subject Matter Eligibility Guidance

    Since having been sworn in as the new director of the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) in February 2018, Andrei Iancu has led the charge to improve predictability of patent-eligible subject matter. In his speech at the Intellectual Property Owners’ (IPO) Association’s annual meeting in Chicago in late September 2018, the director told IPO’s membership that the USPTO is “contemplating revised guidance to help categorize the exceptions [to patent eligibility]—and indeed to name them—and…

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  • This Valentine’s Day: Hear the IPWatchdog Love Story

    Many readers will know that IPWatchdog, Inc. is run by partners in marriage and business, Founder and CEO Gene Quinn and Chief Operating Officer Renée Quinn. But fewer may know the story behind the couple, or how and why Renée chose to make the obscure world of intellectual property—a term she had not heard prior to meeting Gene—her own.

    The post This Valentine’s Day: Hear the IPWatchdog Love Story appeared first on IPWatchdog.com | Patents & Patent Law.

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