The gunpowder engine

In 1876, the year of the U.S. Centennial and Custer’s loss at Little Big Horn, Nicolaus A. Otto, (who had worked with Daimler and Maybach) patented a compressed charge, four-stroke engine [U.S. Patent No. 194,047 on Aug. 14, 1877, on an application fil…

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  • Motivation to Combine Unnecessary Under Section 103 if Secondary Reference Does Not Supply Element or Teaching

    On January 10, the Federal Circuit issued an opinion affirming a decision of the Patent Trial and Appeal Board (PTAB) invalidating several claims of U.S. Patent No. 6,597,812 (the ‘812 patent) as obvious. Realtime Data, LLC v. Iancu, No. 2018-1154 (Fed Cir. Jan. 10, 2019) (Before Dyk, Taranto, and Stoll, Circuit Judges) (Opinion for the court, Stoll, Circuit Judge).

    Hewlett Packard Enterprise Co., HP Enterprise Services, LLC, and Teradata Operations, Inc. (collectively, HP) sought inter partes…

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  • USPTO on Patent Eligibility — Example 40

    By Michael Borella — On January 7, 2019, the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office published updated examination guidance, instructing the examining corps and the PTAB how they should apply 35 U.S.C. § 101. On the same day, the USPTO also published the latest in its series of examples of how this application of the § 101 inquiry should be carried out. This latest set, encompassing Examples 37-42, apply the updated guidance (Examples 1-36 were previously published over the last four years and apply previous versions of the guidance). Our analyses of Examples 37, 38, and 39 were recently posted. The…

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  • IPO Webinar on Revised USPTO Guidance on Patent Eligibility

    The Intellectual Property Owners Association (IPO) will offer a one-hour webinar entitled “Section 101: Revised USPTO Guidance on Patent Eligibility” on January 23, 2019 from 2:00 to 3:00 pm (ET). Robert Bahr, Deputy Commissioner for Patent Examination Policy, U.S. Patent and Trademark Office; Gary Ganzi of Evoqua Water Technologies; and Michelle Holoubek of Sterne, Kessler, Goldstein & Fox, PLLC will analyze the USPTO’s revised guidance on patent eligibility that was issued earlier this month — and discuss how the Office is expected apply the U.S. Supreme Court’s Alice/Mayo test for subject matter eligibility going forward. the panel will explore: •…

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  • Supreme Court Weighs Meaning of ‘Full Costs’ in Rimini Street v. Oracle USA Oral Arguments

    On the morning of January 14th, the U.S. Supreme Court heard oral arguments in Rimini Street v. Oracle USA, a case that asks the nation’s highest court to decide whether the recovery of “full costs” in a copyright infringement suit as governed by 17 U.S.C. § 505 is limited to taxable costs under 28 U.S.C. § 1920 and 28 U.S.C. § 1821 or whether non-taxable costs can also be recovered. Much of the day’s discussion centered on the meaning of “full costs” and how that term had evolved under various…

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  • しわ(皺)

                            目次はこちら

    しわ(皺)

    (WRINKLE)
    $$ Lifting or wrinkling of the substrate on the table can lead to a reduction in print quality of the image printed on the substrate. / テーブル上で、被印刷物が持ち上げられたり被印刷物に皺が寄せられたりすることは、被印刷物上に印刷される画像の印刷品質を低下させることとなり得る。(USP8684516)

    $$ It would therefore be beneficial to be able to form such stiffeners without experiencing the problem of wrinkling. / それ故に、皺の問題に直面することなく斯かるスティフナーを形成できることは有益であるだろう。(USP8662873)

    $$ FIG. 1 illustrates three of such multiple wrinkles 6. / 図1は、そのような複数のしわ6のうちの3本を例示する。(USP8302486)

    (CREASE)
    $$ However, such lugs are not always effective, and they can sometimes lead to creasing of the inner frame (which may be formed of a less rigid material than the main body of the pack). / しかしながら、これらの突起は、必ずしも有効ではなく、これらは時には内部フレームに皺を形成する場合がある(内部フレームがパックの胴体より柔らかい材料で形成される場合)。(USP8413806)

    $$ The use of such latexes containing appropriate hydrophobic polymers deposited onto fabric imparts crease resistance or easy-iron properties to the fabric. / 適切な疎水性ポリマーを含有し、衣類上に沈着されるようなラテックスの使用は、衣類に防しわ性もしくは容易にアイロンがけができる性質を賦与する。(USP8242182)

    $$ The support layer need not be formed of moisture vapour permeable material since its function is to provide temporarily a degree of stiffness to the dressing whilst it is being applied in order to minimise creasing. / 支持層は、その機能がドレッシングを使用する際にしわになるのを最小にするためにドレッシングに一時的に剛性度を備えさすためであるので、透湿性材料からなる必要はない。(USP5968000)

    (OTHERS)
    $$ As the "cup" is slid into the vessel, the corrugated sides fold and pucker. /「カップ」が容器内に滑り込むと、波形の側部が折り重なり、皺になる。(USP6098417): pucker

    $$ The composition of the handle allows it to be accurately moulded without substantial creasing or rucking so that a catheter or cannula can be accurately held in place and the dressing can form a bacteria-proof seal between a wound site and the external environment. / ハンドルの構成は、正確には実質的に折り目かついたり、皺になったりせずに張りつけられるものが使用され、カテーテル/カニューレを定位置に保持することができ、ドレッシングは創傷部と外部環境間で耐細菌密封を形成することができる。(USP5968000): ruck

                            目次はこちら

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  • Smells Like Trademark Infringement: Nirvana Sues Over Smiley Face Logo

    On December 28, 2018, the limited liability company representing famed Seattle-area grunge rock band Nirvana sued clothing designer Marc Jacobs and fashion retailers Neiman Marcus and Saks Fifth Avenue in the U.S. Federal District Court for the Central District of California. At the center of the lawsuit are copyright and trademark infringement allegations regarding the use of Nirvana’s “smiley face” logo on a line of designer clothing made by Marc Jacobs. Nirvana alleges that Marc Jacobs has…

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  • Motivation to Combine Unnecessary Under Section 103 if Secondary Reference Does Not Supply Element or Teaching

    On January 10, the Federal Circuit issued an opinion affirming a decision of the Patent Trial and Appeal Board (PTAB) invalidating several claims of U.S. Patent No. 6,597,812 (the ‘812 patent) as obvious. Realtime Data, LLC v. Iancu, No. 2018-1154 (Fed Cir. Jan. 10, 2019) (Before Dyk, Taranto, and Stoll, Circuit Judges) (Opinion for the court, Stoll, Circuit Judge).

    Hewlett Packard Enterprise Co., HP Enterprise Services, LLC, and Teradata Operations, Inc. (collectively, HP) sought inter partes…

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  • Bechtold, Frankenreiter & Klerman on Forum Selling Abroad

    Stefan Bechtold, Jens Frankenreiter and Daniel Klerman have posted a paper on ssrn titled Forum Selling Abroad, 93 Southern California Law Review __ (forthcoming 2019).  Here is a link to the paper, and here is the abstract:
    Judges decide cases. Do they also try to influence which cases they decide? Clearly plaintiffs “shop” for the most attractive forum, but do judges try to attract cases by “selling” their courts? Some American judges actively try to enlarge their influence by making their courts attractive to plaintiffs, a phenomenon known as “forum selling.” This article shows that forum selling occurs outside the U.S. as well, focusing on Germany, a country that is often held up as the paragon of the civil law approach to adjudication. As in the U.S., German courts attract cases primarily through the pro-plaintiff manipulation of procedure, including the routine issuance of ex parte injunctions in press cases and refusal to stay patent infringement proceedings when the patent’s validity is challenged in another forum. A critical difference between forum selling in Germany and the U.S. is that court administrators are more actively involved in Germany. As state officials, German court administrators have the incentive to consider the effect of caseloads on government revenue and the local economy, and they use their power to allocate judges to particular kinds of cases in order to make their courts attractive. They also use their power over promotion, case allocation, and resources to reward judges who succeed in attracting cases. Based on an extensive set of interviews with attorneys, judges and court officials, this article describes evidence of forum selling in German patent, press, and antitrust law. It also analyzes how German courts compete internationally with courts from other countries.

    This is a very interesting paper.  The authors conclude that the prevalence of patent litigation filed in Düsseldorf, Mannheim, and Munich. is attributable not only to the quality and speed of decisions, but also to such matters as the courts’ reluctance to issue stays of judgments pending invalidity proceedings (coupled with the perceived inadequacy of damages for wrongful enforcement in the event the patent is subsequently invalidated), and their reluctance to appoint expert witnesses (which, when it occurs, slows things down considerably).
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  • Conference & CLE Calendar

    January 22, 2019 – “Biologics and Biosimilars: FDA Initiatives and Guidance, Approvals and Exclusivity, Patent Prosecution, Litigation” (Strafford) – 1:00 to 2:30 pm (EST) January 22, 2019 – European patent prosecution & litigation webinars with fo…

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  • 伸縮

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    伸縮

    (TELESCOPE)
    $$ The second handle part comprises two elongate members 20,21 that are slideably or telescopically received within respective tubular …

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  • 進行

                            目次はこちら

    進行

    –>進む・進める

    (PROCEED)
    $$ If the code matches, the vehicle is allowed to proceed. / コードが適合した場合、車両の進行が許可される。(USP8386111)

    $$ The curing process proceeds as follows. / 硬化工程は、以下のように進行する。(USP8211339)

    $$ There are two mechanisms by which the oxidation reaction may proceed. / 酸化反応が進行するメカニズムは2つある。(USP8062743)

    $$ However, although head 41 provides angular movement of the probe about orthogonal axes A and B, the movement proceeds in 7.5° increments. / しかし、ヘッド部41は、直交軸線A、Bの回りにてプローブの角度運動を提供するが、この運動は7.5°の漸増量にて進行する。(USP7891248)

    $$ The reaction proceeds more rapidly than previously known processes. / 反応は既に公知のプロセスよりもより速く進行する。(USP7018603)

    (PROGRESS)
    $$ Further, the damage could progress through the inner liner and perforate the inflatable tubes. / 更に、前記損傷は、内側ライナを通って進行し、膨張可能管体に穴をあける。(USP8851438)

    $$ The progression of partial thickness burns to deeper burns is a major problem in burn therapy. / より深い熱傷へのII度熱傷の進行は、熱傷治療における主な問題である。(USP8323264)

    $$ It can also use the system to raise enquires on stock levels and work in progress. / さらに、それは、システムを使用して、在庫レベルおよび進行中の処理についての問い合わせを行なう。(USP8311972)

    $$ The mechanisms underlying the association between even modestly increased CRP production and development, progression and complications of atherosclerosis, are not known. / CRP産生のわずかな増加と、アテローム性動脈硬化症の進行および合併症との関係は、まだ明らかでない。(USP7615543)

    $$ In alternative embodiments the first data set could comprise data from a previous sonar ping, such that the progress of the vehicle could be plotted. / 代替的な実施の形態では、移動体の進行を描くことができるように、第1データ組は前のソナー・ピングからのデータを含む。(USP7124022)

    (TRAVEL)
    $$ For example, if the AOD is 15 mm wide and the acoustic waves travel at 600 m/s, then the AOD fill time will be 25 microseconds. / 例えば、AODが15mmの幅であるなら音響波は600m/sで進行するから、AOD充填時間は25マイクロ秒になろう。(USP8294977)

    $$ This is evident from, FIG. 11B which shows a mass spectrum obtained with a travelling wave transit time of 37 ms. / これは、進行波過渡時間が37ミリ秒である場合に得られる質量スペクトルを示す図11Bから明らかである。(USP8283626)

    (PROCESS)
    $$ If it is a match, the transaction is processed. / もし一致していれば、そのトランザクションは進行される。(USP8935762)

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  • How Can I Sell an Idea for Profit? Unlocking the Idea-Invention Dichotomy

    Selling an idea and waiting for lottery-like winnings to arrive at your doorstep seems to be the American dream. It is certainly the dream of every inventor, and it is a dream fanned by late night television commercials that suggest all you need is an idea companies will be falling over themselves to pay you for the rest of your natural life for the right to use it.

    It all sounds too good to be true! Well, that’s because—in its most simple terms—it is. That doesn’t mean there isn’t a kernel of…

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  • Smells Like Trademark Infringement: Nirvana Sues Over Smiley Face Logo

    On December 28, 2018, the limited liability company representing famed Seattle-area grunge rock band Nirvana sued clothing designer Marc Jacobs and fashion retailers Neiman Marcus and Saks Fifth Avenue in the U.S. Federal District Court for the Central District of California. At the center of the lawsuit are copyright and trademark infringement allegations regarding the use of Nirvana’s “smiley face” logo on a line of designer clothing made by Marc Jacobs. Nirvana alleges that Marc Jacobs has…

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  • Conclusory Legal Opinions of Patentee’s Expert Not Enough to Prevent 12(b)(6) Dismissal

    Several weeks ago, the Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit issued a nonprecedential decision in Glasswall Solutions Limited v. Clearswift Ltd., affirming a district court’s findings that claims from two patents that were asserted in an infringement case filed by Glasswall were directed to unpatentable subject matter under 35 U.S.C. § 101… The Federal Circuit found that testimony offered by an expert witness for Glasswall didn’t preclude a dismissal on the pleadings as the alleged factual…

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