Webinar on Lessons From PTAB Full or Partial Denials

Strafford will be offering a webinar entitled “Lessons From PTAB Full or Partial Denials to Avoid Institution of an IPR or Avoid a Denial” on November 20, 2018 from 1:00 to 2:30 pm (EST). Thomas L. Irving, Joshua L. Goldberg, and Cory C. Bell of Finnegan Henderson Farabow Garrett & Dunner will provide patent counsel with an analysis of the ever-increasing number of Patent Trial and Appeal Board (PTAB) denials and partial denials and offer take-home lessons applicable in practitioners’ daily practice. The webinar will review the following issues: • How can practitioners use the lessons of the PTAB denials…

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  • 十分に/充分に



    $$ Depth of field is generally found to be large enough to allow operation from 150 mm out to infinity. / 被写界深度は、150mmから無限大までの作動を可能にするほど十分に大きいことが一般的に見出されている。(USP7589825)

    $$ The rotation rate is slow to allow sufficient "hits" per dwell but should ideally be fast enough to provide an update after every take-off or landing. / この回転速度は低速であり、ドウェル毎の十分な「ヒット」を可能にしているが、理想的には、離陸または着陸毎の更新を提供するためには十分に高速でなければならない。(USP7592943)

    (FULL / FULLY)
    $$ The tie rods 73 are then fully released, and full advance of the hydraulic drives lifts the piston end cell 6 clear above the column tube 1 as seen in FIG. 5. / 次いで連結ロッド73が十分に解放され、図5に示すように、液圧駆動装置が十分に前進すると、ピストンの端部セル6はカラムチューブ1の上方に完全に吊り上げられる。(USP7604747)

    $$ The interpolation phase has, as before, a full height step as the phase passes through the modulus 6. / 補間位相は、前のように、位相がモジュロ6を通過するとき、十分に高いステップを持つ。(USP6480232): full

    $$ Once the gases have fully expanded, the engine continues to rotate so that the exhausted gases are expelled, as shown in FIG. 27. / ガスが十分に膨張すると、図27に示すように燃焼したガスを排出するためにエンジンは回転を続ける。(USP7650871)

    $$ The fully assembled device is illustrated in FIG. 18 in two side elevation views (at 90° to each other). / 十分に組み立てた装置を図18に両側正面図(互いに90°)で示す。(USP6764226)

    $$ The wavelength of the incident radiation 7 is ideally chosen so that it is fully absorbed in the germanium. / 入射放射7の波長は、ゲルマニウム中で十分に吸収されるように選択することが理想的である。(USP6177674)

    $$ In this mode the aperture defined by the aperture assembly (26) is set to its fully open position so that a full field of view is displayed on the display means (14). / このモードにおいては、絞り組立体(26)によって規定される絞りはその充分に開いた位置にセットされ、その結果観察される充分な視野が表示装置(14)上に表示される。(USP5946131)

    $$ This allows a user to visually confirm that the sample receiving chamber is sufficiently filled. / これにより、ユーザーは、サンプル受容室が十分に満たされたことを視覚で確認することができる。(USP7653492)

    $$ In the sensor 400 the carrier concentration and resistance R0 change over 50K is about 2%, which is sufficiently constant for many applications. / センサ400では、50Kにわたるキャリア濃度および抵抗R0の変化は約2%であり、これは多くの応用例において十分に一定である。(USP6809514)

    $$ If the fiber is sufficiently narrowed, the light spreads out from the core completely and is then guided by the outer boundary of the entire fiber. / ファイバが十分に細い場合、光は、コアから完全に広がり出て、全ファイバの外側境界によりガイドされることになる。(USP6631234)

    $$ In most cases, the propeller cannot be raised sufficiently to enable the craft to be beached. / 殆どの場合、上記プロペラは当該船舶を陸揚げされるのを可能にするほど充分には持ち上げることはできない。(USP6332818)

    $$ This process must also be very well controlled if good data repeatability is to be achieved. / また、データの良好な反復性を達成する必要がある場合には、この処理は、非常に十分に制御されるべきである。(USP7639007): well

    $$ Membranes are used in a wide range of well established medical applications. / 膜は、充分に確立された広範な医学的用途に使用される。(USP7062110): well

    $$ That is, satisfactory results are obtained for potential gradients well below the ionisation potential which is 30 kV/cm for air. / すなわち、空気のイオン化電位は30kV/cmであるが、このイオン化電位よりも十分に低い電位勾配の場合に良好な結果を得た。(USP7041340): well

    $$ In response to this, the reference speed signal is ramped up at a predetermined rate, back to its initial level 4a(i) ie. well above engine idle speed. / これに応じて、基準速度信号が所定の割合で上昇して、その初期のレベル4a(i)、即ちエンジンのアイドリング速度を十分に上回るレベルに戻る。(USP5738609): well


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  • Northwestern Releases Technology Standards and Standard Setting Organizations Databases and Congratulations to Dr. Roya Ghafele!

    Northwestern University, Pritzker Law School, has released three databases on technology standards and standard setting organizations.  The announcement states:

    The Searle Center on Law, Regulation, and Economic Growth is pleased to announce the release of three important databases on Technology Standards and Standard Setting Organizations (SSOs). The databases are available free of charge for all academic researchers.

    The first database, known as the Searle Center Database on Technology Standards and Standard Setting Organizations, created by Justus Baron and Daniel F. Spulber, contains original data on the rules and membership of SSOs, and bibliographic information on published technology standards (including an original database of normative and informative references between standard documents).

    The second database, created by Justus Baron and Tim Pohlmann (IPlyitics), contains the currently most comprehensive database of declared standard-essential patents (SEP) and the first detailed mapping of declared SEPs to a systematic dataset of standard documents.

    The third database, created by Justus Baron and Kirti Gupta (Qualcomm), includes detailed procedural data on standard development at an important SSO, the 3rd Generation Partnership Project 3GPP.

    The three databases are inter-related, and share a common system of identifiers for standards and firms to facilitate research applications combining the various databases.

    Under the direction of Daniel F. Spulber, (Kellogg School of Management, Northwestern University, and Research Director of the Searle Center), the Searle Center’s Research Project on Innovation Economics addresses a broad range of important issues involving intellectual property (IP), research and development (R&D), the market for inventions, innovation, and technology standards.

    For details on the databases and the Searle Center’s ongoing Research Project on Innovation Economics Project please visit: http://www.law.northwestern.edu/searlecenter/innovationeconomics
    Papers describing the databases can be found at the following links:

    - Justus Baron and Daniel Spulber: Technology Standards and Standard Setting Organizations: Introduction to the Searle Center Database, Northwestern Law & Econ Research Paper No. 17-16. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3073165or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3073165, forthcoming Journal of Economics and Management Strategy, 2018.

    - Justus Baron and Kirti Gupta: Unpacking 3GPP Standards. forthcoming Journal of Economics and Management Strategy, 2018.

    - Justus Baron and Tim Pohlmann: Mapping Standards to Patents Using Declarations of Standard-Essential Patents, forthcoming Journal of Economics and Management Strategy, 2018.

    Please see the following instructions to receive access to the database:

    - The three Searle Center databases are intended only for academic research. Commercial and or for-profit research is strictly prohibited.

    - Prior to being granted access to the databases, all academic researchers must first compete a Data License Agreement (DUA).

    - The DUA is available for download here: http://bit.ly/searlessodua
    - Once requestor has filled out the required fields and signed the DUA, email a scan of the DUA to searlecenter@law.northwestern.edu

    - Please note that a PDF electronic signature on the DUA is acceptable.

    - All research assistants or research personnel that will have access to the data must also complete DUA’s.

    - Once we receive your signed DUA, we will verify that your application fits the criteria listed above. If we conclude that it does, we will then send you a link to a Box Folder where all of the files and supporting documents will be permanently hosted. You may have to create a Box account in order to access the databases.
    . . .

    The databases release is apparently for academics.  My guess is that others can access the databases for a fee. 

    Congratulations to Oxfirst’s Dr. Roya Ghafele on joining the EU Commissions’ Group of Experts on Licensing and Valuation of Standard Essential Patents!  According to the press release:

    The purpose of the expert group is to ‘deepen the expertise on evolving industry practices related to the licensing of standard essential patents in the context of the digitalisation of the economy, the sound valuation of intellectual property and the determination of fair, reasonable and non-discriminatory (“FRAND”) licensing terms.’ The Expert Group’s importance to European and international governance formulation on FRAND is widely recognized. The Expert Group will address a host of complex issues pertaining to patents that read on standards, as already set out in 2017 in the E.C.’s ‘Communication from the Commission to the Institutions on Setting out the EU approach to Standard Essential Patents.’

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  • Quote of the day: Ancora v. HTC

    Computers are improved not only through changes in hardware; “[s]oftware can make non-abstract improvements to computer technology . . . .” Enfish, 822 F.3d at 1335; see Finjan, 879 F.3d at 1304. We have several times held claims to pass muster under Alice step one when sufficiently focused on such improvements. Ancora Technologies, Inc. v. […]

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  • Federal Circuit says Assignor Estoppel Has “No Place” in IPR Proceedings

    The Federal Circuit recently found that assignor estoppel has “no place in IPR proceedings,” affirming a holding of the Patent Trials and Appeal Board (“Board”) that assignor estoppel did not bar Arista Networks (“Arista”) from attempting to invalidate a patent belonging to Cisco Systems (“Cisco”).  Arista’s founder, Dr. David Cheriton, was the inventor on the patent Arista wanted to invalidate and had previously assigned the patent to Cisco while employed by Cisco. See Arista Networks, Inc. v….

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