35 U.S.C. §100 --Definitions--




When used in this title unless the context otherwise indicates--

(a) invention

The term “invention” means invention or discovery.

(b) process

The term “process” means process, art or method, and includes a new use of a known process, machine, manufacture, composition of matter, or material.

(c) United States

The terms “United States” and “this country” mean the United States of America, its territories and possessions.

(d) patentee

The word “patentee” includes not only the patentee to whom the patent was issued but also the successors in title to the patentee.

(e) third-party requester

The term “third-party requester” means a person requesting ex parte reexamination under section 302 who is not the patent owner.

(f) inventor

The term “inventor” means the individual or, if a joint invention, the individuals collectively who invented or discovered the subject matter of the invention.

(g) joint inventor, coinventor

The terms “joint inventor” and “coinventor” mean any 1 of the individuals who invented or discovered the subject matter of a joint invention.

(h) joint research agreement

The term “joint research agreement” means a written contract, grant, or cooperative agreement entered into by 2 or more persons or entities for the performance of experimental, developmental, or research work in the field of the claimed invention.

(i) effective filing date

(1)The term “effective filing date” for a claimed invention in a patent or application for patent means--

(A) if subparagraph (B) does not apply, the actual filing date of the patent or the application for the patent containing a claim to the invention; or
(A) (B)項が適用されない場合は、発明のクレームを含む特許または特許出願の実際の出願日。または、※11

(B) the filing date of the earliest application for which the patent or application is entitled, as to such invention, to a right of priority under section 119, 365(a), 365(b), 386(a), or 386(b) or to the benefit of an earlier filing date under section 120, 121, 365(c), or 386(c).
(B) 第119条、第365条(a)項または第365条(b)項の優先権、または第120条、第121条または第365条(c)項の先の出願日の利益について、その特許または特許出願が権利を与えられたその発明に関する最先の出願日。※12

(2) The effective filing date for a claimed invention in an application for reissue or reissued patent shall be determined by deeming the claim to the invention to have been contained in the patent for which reissue was sought.
(2) 再発行特許出願中または再発行特許中のクレーム発明の有効出願日は、発明のクレームが再発行を求められていた特許中に含まれていたとみなして決定される。※13

(j) claimed invention

The term “claimed invention” means the subject matter defined by a claim in a patent or an application for a patent.

※1~14:幸田, ヘンリー. 米国特許法逐条解説. 第6版, 発明推進協会, 2013, p.60-61.

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