米国特許用語集

A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
J
K
L
M
N
O
P
Q
R
S
T
U
V
W
X
Y
Z

A

a (an)

actual filing date(実際の出願日) → effective filing date

adapted, operable, configured

AIA → Leahy-Smith America Invents Act

a language other than English

Alice Corp. v. CLS Bank International, 573 U.S. 208 (2014)

all elements rule

amendment

antecedent basis

anticipation

apparatus

applicant

application data sheet (ADS)

application filing requirements(出願要件)

“a”“the”の使い方

attorney-client privilege

B

Bluebook, The → citation of a case

boutique

broadest reasonable interpretation (BRI)

bypass application(バイパス出願)

C

caselaw(判例法)

certiorari(サーシオレイライ、裁量上訴)

citation of a case(判例名の表記方法)

claim

claim differentiation  (doctrine of claim differentiation)

claim for priority

claim the priority date of

coined term

colon-semicolon form

common law

“comprising”+“a”の解釈

conception

continuation application(継続出願) → continuing application

continuation-in-part application (CIP、一部継続出願) → continuing application

continuing application(継続性のある出願)

customary English

D

de novo(デ・ノボ)

dependent claim

description → specification

Diamond v. Chakrabarty, 447 U.S. 303 (1980)

disclosure

divisional application (分割出願)→ continuing application

double brackets

double patenting

E

effective filing date (有効出願日)

en banc

encompass

entrust

European-type claim

Examiner

F

F.

F.2d

F.3d

Federal Circuit (Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit)

Federal Reporter

fees for multiple dependent claims

file history → file wrapper

file wrapper

filing date

filing fees

first inventor to file(先発明者先願主義、先公開先願主義)

Flow of Patent Prosecution(特許出願手続きの流れ)

form of specification(米国用英文明細書の書式)

form PTO/SB/07 (Multiple Dependent Claim Fee Calculation Sheet) → fees for multiple dependent claims

fully met → anticipation

G

Gazette → Official Gazette

gist of the invention

grace period(グレース・ピリオド)

H

hearing de novo → de novo

hole

I

independent claim

inferential claiming

Inter Partes Review(当事者系レビュー)

International System of Units, the (SI) (国際単位系)

invent

invention

issue

ITC(International Trade Commission、国際貿易委員会、ITC訴訟)

J

Jepson claim

K

knowledge

L

lacking proper antecedent basis → antecedent basis

Leahy-Smith America Invents Act

literal infringement

literally

M

Mayo v. Prometheus, 566 U.S. 66 (2012)

MPEP(Manual of Patent Examining Procedure、米国特許審査基準)

multiple dependent claim

N

new matter

nonce word

non-provisional application

non-transitory computer readable medium

nonstatutory double patenting rejection(非法定型二重特許拒絶)

O

oath

objection → rejection

(the) Office

Office action

Official Gazette

OG → Official Gazette

P

parenthesis

patent application

patent document names(公報名の英語表記)

patent practitioner

patentable invention

patentese

Phillips v. AWH, 415 F.3d 1303 (Fed. Cir. 2005) (en banc)

Phillips基準

placement after specification(クレームを明細書の最後に配置する)

preambleにおける「~において」と「~であって」の違い

preambleには目的を記載しない

preambleの限定をクレーム本体に移動させる

predetermined

prior art(先行技術)

priority document exchange program

prosecute → prosecution

prosecution (patent prosecution)

prosecution history → file wrapper

prosecutor (patent prosecutor) → prosecution

Q

Quayle Action

quid pro quo

R

read on

reduction to practice

rejection

requirements for information(情報の提出要求)

response

result

reverse

S

said

specification

stare decisis

statutory double patenting rejection(法定型二重特許拒絶)

strike-through

submarine patent(サブマリン特許)

subparagraph form

surrender

T

terminal disclaimer(ターミナル・ディスクレイマー) → nonstatutory double patenting rejection

trial de novo → de novo

typographical error

U

under the doctrine of equivalents → literally

United States

U.S. Reports (United States Reports)

USPTO

utility patent

V

vacate → reverse

W

whereby(whereby節)

X

作成中

Y

作成中

Z

作成中

法(米国特許法)

35 U.S.C. §1 –Establishment–「設立」

35 U.S.C. §2 –Powers and Duties–「権限および義務」

35 U.S.C. §3 –Officers and employees–「執行役員および一般職員」

35 U.S.C. §4 –Restrictions on officers and employees as to interest in patents–「特別職員および一般職員に対する特許にかかわる権利の制限」

35 U.S.C. §100 –Definitions–「定義」

35 U.S.C. §101 –Inventions patentable–「特許性ある発明」

35 U.S.C. §102 –Conditions for patentability; novelty–「新規性」

35 U.S.C. §103 –Conditions for patentability; non-obvious subject matter–「主題の非自明性」

35 U.S.C. §104(廃止)

35 U.S.C. §105 –Inventions in outer space–「宇宙空間における発明」

35 U.S.C. §111 –Application–「特許出願」

35 U.S.C. §112 –Specification–「明細書」

35 U.S.C. §113 –Drawings–「図面」

35 U.S.C. §114 –Models, specimens–「模型、見本」

35 U.S.C. §115 –Inventor’s oath or declaration–「発明者の宣誓書または宣言書」

35 U.S.C. §119 –Benefit of earlier filing date; right of priority–「外国出願に基づく優先権」

35 U.S.C. §122 –Confidential status of applications; publication of patent applications–「出願の秘密保持: 特許出願の公開」

35 U.S.C. §131 –Examination of application–「出願審査」

35 U.S.C. §132 –Notice of rejection; reexamination–「拒絶通知および再審理」

35 U.S.C. §151 –Issue of patent–「特許の発行」

35 U.S.C. §301 –Citation of prior art and written statements–「先行技術の引用および供述書」

35 U.S.C. §302 –Request for reexamination–「再審査の請求」

35 U.S.C. §303 –Determination of issue by Director–「特許商標庁長官による争点の認定」

35 U.S.C. §304 –Reexamination order by Director–「長官による再審査命令」

35 U.S.C. §305 –Conduct of reexamination proceedings–「再審査手続の実務」

35 U.S.C. §306 –Appeal–「不服申立て」

35 U.S.C. §307 –Certificate of patentability, unpatentability, and claim cancellation–「特許性、特許性否認およびクレーム無効の認証」

35 U.S.C. §311 –Inter partes review–「当事者系レビュー」

35 U.S.C. §312 –Petitions–「申請(当事者系レビュー)」

35 U.S.C. §313 –Preliminary response to petition–「申請に対する予備応答(当事者系レビュー)」

35 U.S.C. §314 –Institution of inter partes review–「当事者系レビューの開始」

35 U.S.C. §315 –Relation to other proceedings or actions–「他の手続または訴訟との関係」

35 U.S.C. §316 –Conduct of inter partes review–「当事者系レビューの実施」

35 U.S.C. §317 –Settlement–「当事者系レビューにおける和解」

35 U.S.C. §318 –Decision of the Board–「当事者系レビューにおける審判部の決定」

35 U.S.C. §319 –Appeal–「当事者系レビューにおける不服申立て」

35 U.S.C. §321 –Post-grant review–「付与後レビュー」

35 U.S.C. §322 –Petitions–「付与後レビューにおける申請」

35 U.S.C. §323 –Preliminary response to petition–「付与後レビュー・申請に対する予備応答」

35 U.S.C. §324 –Institution of post-grant review–「付与後レビューの開始」

35 U.S.C. §371 –National stage: Commencement–「(特許国際条約)国内段階:開始」

35 U.S.C. §372 –National stage: Requirements and procedure–「(特許国際条約)国内段階:要件および手続」

35 U.S.C. §373(廃止)

35 U.S.C. §374 –Publication of international application–「国際出願の公開」

 

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