米国特許用語集

A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
J
K
L
M
N
O
P
Q
R
S
T
U
V
W
X
Y
Z

A

a (an)

actual filing date(実際の出願日) → effective filing date

adapted, operable, configured

AIA → Leahy-Smith America Invents Act

a language other than English

Alice Corp. v. CLS Bank International, 573 U.S. 208 (2014)

all elements rule

amendment

antecedent basis

anticipation

apparatus

applicant

application data sheet (ADS)

application filing requirements(出願要件)

“a”“the”の使い方

attorney-client privilege

B

Bluebook, The → citation of a case

boutique

broadest reasonable interpretation (BRI)

bypass application(バイパス出願)

C

citation of a case(判例名の表記方法)

claim

claim differentiation  (doctrine of claim differentiation)

claim for priority

claim the priority date of

coined term

colon-semicolon form

common law

“comprising”+“a”の解釈

conception

continuation application(継続出願) → continuing application

continuation-in-part application (CIP、一部継続出願) → continuing application

continuing application(継続性のある出願)

customary English

D

de novo(デ・ノボ)

dependent claim

description → specification

Diamond v. Chakrabarty, 447 U.S. 303 (1980)

disclosure

divisional application (分割出願)→ continuing application

double brackets

double patenting

E

effective filing date (有効出願日)

en banc

encompass

entrust

European-type claim

Examiner

F

F.

F.2d

F.3d

Federal Circuit (Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit)

Federal Reporter

fees for multiple dependent claims

file history → file wrapper

file wrapper

filing date

filing fees

form PTO/SB/07 (Multiple Dependent Claim Fee Calculation Sheet) → fees for multiple dependent claims

fully met → anticipation

G

Gazette → Official Gazette

gist of the invention

H

hearing de novo → de novo

hole

I

independent claim

inferential claiming

International System of Units, the (SI)

invent

invention

issue

ITC(International Trade Commission、アメリカ国際貿易委員会)

J

Jepson claim

K

knowledge

L

lacking proper antecedent basis → antecedent basis

Leahy-Smith America Invents Act

literal infringement

literally

M

Mayo v. Prometheus, 566 U.S. 66 (2012)

MPEP(Manual of Patent Examining Procedure、米国特許審査基準)

multiple dependent claim

N

new matter

nonce word

non-provisional application

non-transitory computer readable medium

nonstatutory double patenting rejection

O

oath

objection → rejection

(the) Office

Office action

Official Gazette

OG → Official Gazette

P

parenthesis

patent application

patent practitioner

patentable invention

patentese

Phillips基準

preambleにおける「~において」と「~であって」の違い

preambleには目的を記載しない

preambleの限定をクレーム本体に移動させる

predetermined

prior art(先行技術)

priority document exchange program

prosecute → prosecution

prosecution (patent prosecution)

prosecution history → file wrapper

prosecutor (patent prosecutor) → prosecution

Q

quid pro quo

R

read on

reduction to practice

rejection

requirements for information(情報の提出要求)

response

result

reverse

S

said

specification

stare decisis

statutory double patenting rejection

strike-through

subparagraph form

surrender

T

trial de novo → de novo

typographical error

U

under the doctrine of equivalents → literally

U.S. Reports (United States Reports)

USPTO

utility patent

V

vacate → reverse

W

whereby(whereby節)

X

作成中

Y

作成中

Z

作成中

法(米国特許法)

PART I — UNITED STATES PATENT AND TRADEMARK OFFICE「第1部 米国特許商標庁」

35 U.S.C. §1 –Establishment–「設立」

35 U.S.C. §2 –Powers and Duties–「権限および義務」

PART II — PATENTABILITY OF INVENTIONS AND GRANT OF PATENTS「第2部 発明の特許性および特許許可」

35 U.S.C. §100 –Definitions–「定義」

35 U.S.C. §101 –Inventions patentable–「特許性ある発明」

35 U.S.C. §102 –Conditions for patentability; novelty–「新規性」

35 U.S.C. §103 –Conditions for patentability; non-obvious subject matter–「主題の非自明性」

35 U.S.C. §104(廃止)

35 U.S.C. §105 –Inventions in outer space–「宇宙空間における発明」

35 U.S.C. §111 –Application–「特許出願」

PART IV — PATENT COOPERATION TREATY 「第4部 特許協力条約」

35 U.S.C. §371 –National stage: Commencement–「国内段階:開始」

 

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